lymph node dissection


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Related to lymph node dissection: lymphedema, axillary lymph node dissection

dissection

 [dĭ-sek´shun]
1. the act of dissecting.
2. a part or whole of an organism prepared by dissecting.
aortic dissection a dissecting aneurysm of the aorta; the usual site is the thoracic aorta. There are two types, classified according to anatomical location: Type A involves the ascending aorta; Type B originates in the descending aorta. Acute aortic dissection is often fatal within one month of onset. Surgical treatment may be delayed in aneurysms involving the descending aorta until the blood pressure has been controlled and edema and friability of the aorta are diminished. The usual course of treatment for an aneurysm of the ascending aorta is immediate surgery. The surgical procedure for either type is aimed at either repairing the intimal tear or removing the affected portion of the aorta. This may be done by suturing the separated aortic layers back together or by removing the damaged section of the aorta and replacing it with a synthetic graft.
axillary dissection (axillary lymph node dissection) surgical removal of axillary lymph nodes, done as part of radical mastectomy.
blunt dissection separation of tissues along natural lines of cleavage, by means of a blunt instrument or finger.
lymph node dissection lymphadenectomy.
lymph node dissection, retroperitoneal (RPLND) retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy.
sharp dissection separation of tissues by means of the sharp edge of a knife or scalpel, or with scissors.

lymph node dissection

Lymph node dissection

Surgical removal of a group of lymph nodes.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma
References in periodicals archive ?
Patient 3: Photo of right and left extended lymph node dissection demonstrating complete removal of lymph node tissue up to the bifurcation of the aorta.
Sentinel lymph node biopsy results in less postoperative morbidity compared with axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer.
Part 2: The role and technique of lymph node dissection.
Forgoing the standard practice of axillary node dissection when sentinel nodes reveal metastasis constitutes a practice change that "would improve clinical outcomes in thousands of women each year by reducing the complications associated with axillary lymph node dissection and improving quality of life with no diminution in survival," they concluded.
Morbidity and recurrence after completion lymph node dissection following sentinel lymph node biopsy in cutaneous malignant melanoma.
Impact of omission of completion axillary lymph node dissection (cALND) or axillary radiotherapy (ax rt) in breast cancer patients with micrometastases (pN1mi) or isolated tumor cells (pN0[i+]) in the sentinel lymph node (SN): results from the MIRROR study.
Physical and psychological morbidity after axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer.
Usually, an axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is performed on a woman with early breast cancer to uncover whether or not the cancer has metastasized.
This technique provides an accurate staging procedure that spares patients who are negative for lymph node metastasis by Sentinel Lymph Nodes sampling the morbidity of a complete lymph node dissection.
Axillary sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is a less invasive alternative to axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) for breast cancer staging.
In 3 of the 6 patients (50%) that underwent a level I lymph node dissection, the specimen contained metastatic disease.
Lymphedema affects over 5 million Americans and is most frequently seen after cancer treatments such as lymph node dissection and/or radiation therapy.