luxation


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Related to luxation: Lens luxation

dislocation

 [dis″lo-ka´shun]
displacement of a bone from a joint; called also luxation. The most common ones involve a finger, thumb, shoulder, or hip; less common are those of the mandible, elbow, or knee. Symptoms include loss of motion, temporary paralysis of the joint, pain, swelling, and sometimes shock. Dislocations are usually caused by a blow or fall, although unusual physical effort may also cause one. A few dislocations, especially of the hip, are congenital, usually from a faulty construction of the joint, and are best treated in infancy with a cast and possibly surgery.

A dislocation should be treated as a fracture when first aid is administered. First aid includes checking for a pulse distal to the location and keeping the patient as still as possible. The patient is moved as a whole unit on a long board or a stretcher. As soon as possible the dislocation must be reduced by a surgeon.
Shoulder dislocation.
complete dislocation one in which the surfaces are entirely separated.
compound dislocation one in which the joint communicates with the outside air through a wound.
congenital dislocation of the hip a former name for developmental dysplasia of the hip.
pathologic dislocation one due to disease of the joint or to paralysis of the muscles.
simple dislocation one in which there is no communication with the air through a wound.

lux·a·tion

(lŭk-sā'shŭn),
1. Synonym(s): dislocation
2. In dentistry, the dislocation or displacement of the condyle in the temporomandibular fossa, or of a tooth from the alveolus.
[L. luxatio]

luxation

/lux·a·tion/ (luk-sa´shun) dislocation.

luxation

[luksā′shən]
Etymology: L, luxare, to dislocate
dislocation.

luxation

Orthopedics The complete dislocation of a joint. Cf Atlantoaxial subluxation, Subluxation.

lux·a·tion

(lŭk-sā'shŭn)
1. Synonym(s): dislocations.
2. dentistry The dislocation or displacement of the condyle in the temporomandibular fossa, or of a tooth from the alveolus.
[L. luxatio]

luxation

Dislocation.

dislocation

; luxation loss of normal bone alignment at a joint, e.g. due to trauma, or congenital ligamentous laxity

lux·a·tion

(lŭk-sā'shŭn)
1. In dentistry, dislocation or displacement of condyle in temporomandibular fossa, or of a tooth from the alveolus.
2. Synonym(s): dislocation.
[L. luxatio]

luxation

(luk´sā´shən),
n 1. the act of luxating or state of being luxated, as in the dislocation or displacement of a tooth or of the temporomandibular joint.
2. the dislocation or displacement of a tooth or of the temporomandibular articulation.

luxation

References in periodicals archive ?
Repeated surgical luxation and orthodontic traction thus eliminating any transient ankylosis
Notable exceptions were the 2 early-group patients whose penetrating trauma led to perilymph fistula and luxation of the stapes into the vestibule; as mentioned, both ultimately developed a dead ear.
These lasers are useful for: decontamination of the alveolous following a traumatic avulsion, treatment of a periodontal defect following a dental luxation or sub-luxation, microgingival surgery to treat a traumatic dental injury, gingivectomy and gingivoplasty procedures and surgical cutting (e.
A luxation of an auto-transplanted second maxillary premolar in an 13 year-old Caucasian girl was treated by transplantation of a first premolar into the alveolus of a maxillary central incisor.
Extrusive luxation had the longest treatment time (60.
The prevalence of pulpal extirpation in this audit compared to the expected prevalence for avulsion, lateral luxation and extrusion injuries is shown in Table 4.
The luxation was reduced, and the fibula was cranially transposed, in relation to the tibiotarsus, and anchored with 2 positive profile threaded acrylic pins.
Luxation habituelle de la rotule: Traitement operatoire.
TMD SYMPTOMS 1983 1993 2003 10y 15y 10y 15y 10y 15y Jaw tiredness 3 4 3 9 4 7 TMJ clicking 12 16 2 14 5 17 TMJ crepitation 2 0 1 4 0 4 Locking/catching 1 5 1 5 0 2 Luxation 0 1 0 0 0 0 Reduced jaw movement 2 2 1 1 1 0 capacity Pain on jaw movement 3 2 3 2 5 2 Other pain in the face/jaws 1 1 1 4 4 Table 4.
11) Alteration of the coracosternal joint (fracture of the coracoid, luxation, arthritis) induces pain with every wing beat and may consequently induce a drooped wing.