lower lung

lower lung

A functional division of the lungs which is based on differences in:
 
Physiology
Lower lungs receive most of the ventilation and perfusion and have a higher lymphatic flow; and

Pathology
Lower lungs are more often involved by fibrosing processes, including usual interstitial pneumonia, desquamative interstitial pneumonia and asbestosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Children living in a highly polluted district of Central Ulaanbaatar were found to have 40 percent lower lung function than children living in a rural area.
A study published in the European Respiratory Journal found Australians aged 45-50 who lived less than 200 metres from a major road had a 50 per cent higher risk of asthma, wheeze and lower lung function over a five-year period than those who lived more than 200 metres from a major road.
Physical examination revealed 92% oxygen saturation on room air, clubbed fingers, rales in the right lower lung, a higher second sound in the pulmonary than aortic area, and symmetrical edema of the lower limbs.
However, scientists were keen to conduct deeper studies into whether those born with wheezing and poor lower lung function were predisposed to such infections or whether the disease asthma is the cause of the health issues.
3] A study on competitive runners conducted in Karnataka [4] showed a little lower lung function values than runners of this study but higher than the rowers who participated in our study.
During study, we noted that 9 (75%) patients having more lesion in middle and lower lung than right upper lung.
Furthermore, one study showed an association between lower lung field involvement and female gender or age greater than 40 years.
Further studies that measure lung function and wheezing from birth onwards are needed to explore whether the infections cause asthma and lower lung function, or whether wheezing and lower lung function may be predisposing these children to develop the infections.
I think there are some open questions of the certainty to which we can say that secondhand smoke exposure causes some things like obesity or diabetes, or a lower lung function.
While upper lobe cavitary lesion is typical in adult pulmonary TB in immunocompetent hosts, lower lung zone disease, lymphadenopathy, and pleural effusions are common findings of TB in an immunocompromised host (6).
A chest X-ray showed heterogeneous right-sided opacity in the middle and lower lung zones.
Her general practitioner performed chest radiographs, which showed diffuse bilateral infiltrates in the middle and lower lung fields, but empirical therapy for suspected atypical pneumonia with azithromycin was without benefit.

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