low-sodium diet


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low-sodium diet

a diet that restricts the use of sodium chloride plus other compounds containing sodium, such as baking powder or soda, monosodium glutamate, sodium citrate, sodium propionate, and sodium sulfate. It is indicated in hypertension, edematous states (especially when associated with cardiovascular disease), renal or liver disease, and therapy with corticosteroids. The degree of sodium restriction depends on the severity of the condition. Foods included in the diet are eggs, skimmed milk, beef, poultry, lamb, pork, veal, fish, potatoes, green beans, broccoli, asparagus, peas, salad ingredients, and fresh fruits. Many flavoring extracts, spices, and herbs can be used to add taste to the diet. Foods to be avoided include fresh or canned shellfish, ham, bacon, frankfurters, luncheon meats, sausage, cheese, salted butter or margarine, any breads or cereals made with salt, beets, carrots, celery, sauerkraut, spinach, and most canned or frozen foods, except those prepared without sodium (for example, frozen fruits and vegetables). Also to be avoided are many drugs that contain sodium, such as laxatives, sedatives, and alkalizers, and drinking water from a source using a water softener that adds sodium. Also called low-salt diet, salt-free diet, sodium-restricted diet.

low-sodium diet

A diet containing about 500 mg (approx. 10 mmol) of sodium daily. It is used occasionally to help manage hypertension, congestive heart failure, or renal failure. On this diet, table salt should not be added to food, and the salt content of commonly used beverages such as beer or soft drinks should be noted. To help regulate sodium consumption, sodium-containing medicines should be avoided.
Synonym: low-salt diet; sodium-free dietsalt-free diet
See also: diet
References in periodicals archive ?
During that period, subjects in each group were randomly assigned to a high-, intermediate-, or low-sodium diet for 30 days each in crossover fashion.
In studying the sleep patterns of the three groups, the team found that men on the low-sodium diet awoke an average of nine times during the night, while men in the moderate-and high-sodium groups awoke five times.
Patients were instructed to maintain a low-sodium diet, self-administer the Meniett treatment three times per day, and ensure that the ventilation tube in the affected ear (necessary for the treatment to reach the inner ear) remained open.
Even though I'm not on a doctor-ordered low-sodium diet, I appreciate the health benefits.
A low-sodium diet reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke.
10, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Just because the doctor ordered a low-sodium diet, doesn't mean you have to forgo all of your favorite holiday treats.
Your veterinarian may prescribe drugs in addition to weight reduction, decreased exercise, and a low-sodium diet.
noting a low-sodium diet may be as bad as a high-sodium diet and most should not change their habits
Heart failure patients who followed doctor's advice for self-care (such as taking medications, monitoring and interpreting symptoms, eating a low-sodium diet, and exercising) showed lower levels of myocardial stress and systemic inflammation, thought to be associated with greater risk of mortality, urgent ventricular assist device implantation, and urgent heart transplantation.
Recently, in an article on blood pressure, I told you that there aren't many healthy prepared foods for anyone on a low-sodium diet.
In the Trials of Hypertension Prevention, a low-sodium diet lowered blood pressure significantly.
Although salt restriction is recommended for people with hypertension, compliance with a low-sodium diet is generally acknowledged to be poor.