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a diet containing a minimal proportion of fat. Diets containing low amounts of fat and cholesterol are designed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, specifically atherosclerosis. A low-fat diet should derive fewer than 10% of its calories from saturated fat (for example, meats, dairy products) and should be low in cholesterol (less than 300 mg/d) and trans fatty acids (for example, hydrogenated oils as in stick margarine and shortening) and rich in whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, and legumes. See: atherosclerosis, free radical.
Etymology: ME, low; AS, faett; Gk, diaita, life-style
a diet containing limited amounts of fat and consisting chiefly of easily digestible foods of high carbohydrate content. It includes all vegetables, lean meats, fish, fowl, pasta, cereals, and whole wheat or enriched bread. Egg yolk and fatty meats are restricted. Meat, eggs, butter and margarine, cream, fried foods, foods prepared in fats, oils, gravy, cheese, peanut butter, nuts, and olives are omitted or restricted. Experts recommend that no more than 30% of one's daily calories should come from fatty foods and that no more than 10% should come from saturated fats. A typical low-fat diet providing approximately 1700 calories per day would contain 85 grams of protein, 220 grams of carbohydrate, and 50 grams of fat. Low-fat diets supply 10% to 15% of total energy as fat and may be indicated in gallbladder disease, obesity, heart disease, malabsorption syndromes, and hyperlipidemia.
low-fat dietA diet that is low in fats, particularly saturated fats; low-fat diet foods include fruits, vegetables, beans, pastas, grains, breads, nuts, chicken and turkey, seafood (cod, flounder, lobster, scallops and shrimp are low in fat) and minimal red meat (except for venison). Low-fat diets have a positive effect on arthritis, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity and strokes.
low-fat dietA diet low in fats, especially saturated fats, which has a positive effect on arthritis, CA, ASHD, DM, HTN, obesity, and strokes. See Diet, Low-fat snack; Cf Animal fat, High-fat diet.
low-fat di·et(lō-fat dīĕt)
One containing a minimal proportion of fat. Diets are designed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, specifically atherosclerosis.
low-fat di·et(lō-fat dīĕt)
Diet containing a minimal proportion of fat designed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, specifically atherosclerosis.
the customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by an animal from day to day; more narrowly, a diet planned to meet specific requirements of the animal, including or excluding certain foods. See also winter diet.
diets of low alkalinity which are fed to cows to prevent milk fever. The diet in the 4 weeks preceding parturition, which is ordinarily highly alkaline, is supplemented with calcium chloride, and aluminum and magnesium sulfates, to reduce this alkalinity.
one that is free from any irritating or stimulating foods.
calcium homeostatic diet
a diet aimed at maintaining normal blood levels of calcium in recently calved cows.
formulated to aid in the dissolution of struvite uroliths. Usually provides a low intake of protein, restricts phosphorus and magnesium, and acidifies the urine. Additional salt may also be included. These have been used successfully in dogs and cats.
see nutritional deficiency disease.
drought feeding diet
see drought feeding.
contains nutrients as small molecular weight compounds, i.e. proteins as amino acids or peptides, carbohydrates as oligosaccharides or monosaccharides, and fats as medium-chain triglycerides. Used in the treatment of gastrointestinal disease. Called also monomeric diet.
one for diagnosing food allergy, based on the sequential omission of foods which might cause the clinical signs in the patient.
may vary in composition; generally, they are formulated to provide lower energy intake and increased digestibility.
one without wheat, rye, barley, buckwheat, or oats or related products.
high-calorie diet, high-energy diet
one that furnishes more calories than needed for maintenance; used to increase body condition, in recovery from illness and for maintenance under stressful conditions.
one relatively high in dietary fiber; in dogs and cats, used in the management of large and small bowel diarrhea, diabetes mellitus, constipation and obesity.
one containing large amounts of protein; used in the management of dogs and cats recovering from illness.
one prepared in the home kitchen, in contrast with commercially prepared pet foods.
one formulated to avoid suspected allergens; usually used in the management of allergic skin or bowel disease.
a diet limited to liquids or to foods that can be changed to a liquid state.
one containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight; normally used in management of obesity in dogs and cats.
one containing limited amounts of fat; used in the management of pancreatic disease, bowel disease, and obesity in dogs and cats.
see low-residue diet (below).
low purine diet
in dogs and cats, generally a low-meat diet.
one with a minimum of cellulose and fiber and restriction of connective tissue found in certain cuts of meat. It is prescribed for irritations of the intestinal tract, after surgery of the large intestine, in partial intestinal obstruction, or when limited bowel movements are desirable. Called also low-fiber diet.
low vitamin A diet
one containing low levels of vitamin A; in dog and cat diets, this would mean little or no organ meats. The only probable indication for such a diet is in the treatment of hypervitaminosis A.
lower urinary tract disease diet
one that promotes acidification of the urine and containing restricted magnesium and phosphorus, and sometimes increased salt.
see elemental diet (above).
one containing restricted amounts of phosphorus; used in the management of chronic renal disease.
meal replacement diets; fed to animals with almost normal gastrointestinal function. Proteins, fats and carbohydrates are present in high molecular weight forms.
used in management of congestive heart failure and systemic hypertension in dogs and cats.