It can affect any baby but low-birth weight infants
and boys are more at risk.
Medical authorities who argue that treatment below a given birth weight is futile are not arguing that these low-birth weight infants
are non-persons, or that it would be legally permissible to dispatch them with hammer blows to the skull.
It has been associated with premature labor, low-birth weight infants
, infertility and atypical PAP smears.