local infection

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Related to local infection: mixed infection, general infection

local infection

Etymology: L, locus, place, inficere, to stain
an infection involving bacteria that invade the body at a specific point and remain there, multiplying, until eliminated.

local infection

An infection that has not spread but remains contained near the entry site.
See also: infection


1. invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, especially that causing local cellular injury due to competitive metabolism, toxins, intracellular replication or antigen-antibody response.
2. an infectious disease.

acute infection
short duration, of the order of several days.
airborne infection
infection by inhalation of organisms suspended in air on water droplets or dust particles.
arrested infection
restrained in its development by a capsule or adhesion but still containing infective material.
chronic infection
long duration, of the order of weeks or months.
infection control
the utilization of procedures and techniques in the surveillance, investigation and compilation of statistical data in order to reduce the spread of infection, particularly nosocomial infections.
cross infection
infection transmitted between patients infected with different pathogenic microorganisms.
droplet infection
infection due to inhalation of respiratory pathogens suspended on liquid particles exhaled by an animal that is already infected.
dustborne infection
infection by inhalation of pathogens that have become affixed to particles of dust.
endogenous infection
that due to reactivation of organisms present in a dormant focus, as occurs in tuberculosis, etc.
exogenous infection
that caused by organisms not normally present in the body but which have gained entrance from the environment.
general infection
see systemic infection (below).
latent infection
the animal is infected but there are no clinical signs nor infectious agent detectable in discharges.
local infection
has a common syndrome of varying degree, depending on the site and acuteness of the lesion and the type of microorganisms present, including fever, toxemia and leukocytosis with a left shift. The specific individual signs relate to the location of the lesion and the pressure it exerts on nearby organs. See also abscess, cellulitis, phlegmon, osteomyelitis, omphalophlebitis, empyema, adenitis, metritis, mastitis, periphlebitis.
masked infection
an infection is known to occur but the infectious agent cannot be demonstrated, e.g. the sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever virus.
mixed infection
infection with more than one kind of organism at the same time.
nosocomial infection
pertaining to or acquired in hospital.
opportunistic infection
infection with organisms which are normally harmless but become pathogenic when the body's defense mechanisms are compromised.
patent infection
one in which the infectious agent can be demonstrated in discharges of the patient.
persistent infection
a characteristic of some viruses, particularly herpesviruses and lentiviruses, in which there may be long-lasting or life-long latent infections, with asymptomatic periods and recurring acute episodes of clinical disease (herpesviruses) or onset of severe clinical disease (lentiviruses).
pyogenic infection
infection by pus-producing organisms.
secondary infection
infection by a pathogen following an infection by a pathogen of another kind.
infection stones
see struvite urolith.
subclinical infection
infection associated with no detectable signs but caused by microorganisms capable of producing easily recognizable diseases, such as mastitis or brucellosis; often detected by the production of antibody, or by delayed hypersensitivity exhibited in a skin test reaction to such antigens as tuberculoprotein.
super infection
a second infection occurs in an animal which is already experiencing an infection with another agent.
systemic infection
the infection is widespread throughout the body and must be assumed to be in all organs.
terminal infection
an acute infection occurring near the end of a disease and often causing death.
transmissible infection
an infection capable of being transmitted from one animal to another. Called also contagious.
waterborne infection
infection by microorganisms transmitted in water.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table-III: Absolute and relative frequency of local infection signs in chlorhexidine and mother's milk groups.
Two weeks later I saw a lump in his gland again and the GP said again he was probably fighting a local infection.
If there is evidence of local infection, inflammation or trauma, short-term follow-up may be appropriate.
Subcutaneous silicone injections can yield significant complications, including local infection and necrosis, as well as silicone pulmonary emboli, acute pulmonary hemorrhage, acute pneumonitis, and diffuse alveolar damage.
This case indicates the possibilities of supraglottic necrosis following local infection in healthy patients.
48% in the contrast of the indices in the children with local infection (p<0.
The case is likely to be imported, but we cannot rule out that it might be a local infection case,'' he said.
The package insert for Prolia mentions that osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) can "occur spontaneously, is generally associated with tooth extraction and/or local infection with delayed healing and has been reported in patients receiving Prolia.
The firm attributed the positive results to the acquisition of local infection prophylaxis supplier Bode AG in October 2009 and to effective cost management.
The most important risk factors include the presence of diabetes mellitus, peripheral atherosclerosis, a previous history of bacteremia, nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, longer duration of catheter use, and local infection (Rabindranath et al.
The goal of this research was to assess the proportion of enteric infections in BC reported in 2008 that was associated with international travel in order to better understand local infection trends.
Microbial invasion of the bloodstream is not essential for the development of sepsis, since local infection can also cause a systemic inflammatory response with organ dysfunction.

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