local analgesia


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lo·cal an·al·ge·si·a

(lōkăl anal-jēzē-ă)
Localized palliation of pain.
See also: analgesia

local analgesia

(an´əljē´zēə),
n the loss of pain sensation over a specific area, caused by local administration of a drug that blocks nerve conduction.

analgesia

absence of sensibility to pain, particularly the relief of pain without loss of consciousness; absence of pain or noxious stimulation. See also analgesic.

continuous caudal analgesia
continuous injection of an anesthetic solution into the sacral and lumbar plexuses within the epidural space to relieve the pain of parturition; also used in general surgery to block the pain pathways caudal to the umbilicus (see also caudal anesthesia).
epidural analgesia
analgesia induced by introduction of the analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. See also epidural.
infiltration analgesia
paralysis of the nerve endings at the site of operation by subcutaneous injection of an anesthetic.
intrasynovial analgesia
surface analgesia, produced by the introduction of a local analgesic agent into the synovial cavity and massaged into tendon sheaths.
intravenous regional analgesia
the local anesthetic agent is injected intravenously caudal to a tourniquet. The tissues below the tourniquet become anesthetized. The tourniquet and the anesthesia can be maintained for up to 15 minutes. Called also Bier block (technique).
local analgesia
injection of an anesthetic agent to create local analgesia. Includes infiltration, nerve block, epidural, intrathecal, intrasynovial, subarachnoid. See anesthesia.
perioperative analgesia
given before, during and after the surgical procedure.
pre-emptive analgesia
administration of long-lasting analgesics before surgery to help to avoid the establishment of a sensitized state and result in diminished postoperative pain.
regional analgesia
see regional anesthesia.
segmental analgesia
see segmental dorsolumbar epidural block.
spinal analgesia
injection of an analgesic agent into the spinal canal, generally either into the subarachnoid or epidural space. See also spinal anesthesia.
surface analgesia
local analgesia produced by an anesthetic applied to the surface of mucous membranes, e.g. those of the eye, nose, throat and urethra.
References in periodicals archive ?
Allergy to local analgesia is uncommon and a patient allergic to articaine would likely have a similar allergy to other amide analgesia including lidocaine [Malamed et al.
The incidence of adverse drug reactions is similar among all local analgesia agents [Malamed et al.
This laser is thus very useful in oral surgery in paediatric dentistry, as it involves a reduction in the amount of local analgesia and in the duration of intervention, the technique is easy, and the laser produces a haemostatic effect that enhances visibility of the surgical area, which is a major advantage in children's small mouths.
Two further children were not admitted to hospital but each had a single primary molar tooth extracted under local analgesia, one with the aid of nitrous oxide sedation in the RCH dental clinic.
Pain and temperature sensations related to local analgesia.
This finding is of considerable concern as negative experiences of clinical dentistry will almost certainly lead to anxiety which is a well-recognised problem, particularly fear of further pain, perhaps from poor knowledge of local analgesia placement and appropriate doses.
Patients usually dislike procedures involving noise, pain, and local analgesia [Goldestein and Parkins, 1994, 1995].
Treatment: The pulp was extirpated from tooth 41 utilising relative analgesia and local analgesia.
Indication: PLIAGLIS[R] Cream 7% / 7% is indicated for use on intact skin in adults to provide topical local analgesia for superficial dermatological procedures such as dermal filler injection, pulsed dye laser therapy, facial laser resurfacing, and laser-assisted tattoo removal.
Pliaglis is indicated for use on intact skin in adults to provide local analgesia for superficial dermatological procedures, such as dermal filler injection, pulsed dye laser therapy, facial laser resurfacing and laser-assisted tattoo removal.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved to provide topical local analgesia for superficial dermatological procedures.
It provides local analgesia for superficial dermatological procedures, such as dermal filler injection, pulsed dye laser therapy, facial laser resurfacing and laser-assisted tattoo removal.