lac scale is a highly invasive insect, which is a severe threat to native and economic plants in Florida (Howard et al.
Base: (0) decurrent to sublobate; (1) lobate
; (2) truncate to cordate; (3) rounded; (4) lobate
-auriculate, having ear-shaped lobes of the lamina developing toward the petiole and partially enclosing the lobate
1,d) and paratypes from this original description confirms that indeed only lobate
testes were present.
Observations of lobate
lac scale were conducted on plants in the field in natural and urban landscaped areas and plants grown in containers at the Fort Lauderdale Research & Education Center (FLREC).
He called the lobate
form Ammonia parkinsoniana forma tepida.
Generic diagnosis: head and body naked; pelvic fins united, forming small cup-like disc, anterior membrane lobate
with pair of pointed posterior projections; teeth pointed; head and body deep and compressed; body and fins with thick mucous coat.
5); on ventral mar gin, periandrium with lobate
processes, 2 broad processes basally, bending forward, directed ventrocephalad, flagellum semisclerotised, with several serrated processes near apex (Figs.
The various types of observation are now leading to highly sophisticated modelling of structures within the outburst, in particular the lobate
nature of the bi-polar outflows of the expanding material.
Leaves alternate to rosulate, stipulate to exstipulate; petiolate, rarely sessile; blades elliptic to suborbicular-cordate, palmately veined, rarely pinnately veined, margin entire to lobate
, glabrous to pubescent.
hispidus were observed pursuing and nipping at lobate
ctenophores, Mnemiopsis leidyi (Fig.
cimiciformis "in its relatively weakly lobate
'tail' and much smaller process on the fourth tarsus [the adenostyle]" (Pocock 1897:290).
The gonad showed typical testicular external morphology of lobate
folds (2-3 cm in diameter) of creamwhite tissue.