liver abscess


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Related to liver abscess: amebic liver abscess

liver abscess

Etymology: L, abscedere, to go away; AS, lifer
an abscess in the liver cells, usually caused by an amebic infection, bacterial infection, or trauma. It is characterized by sweats and chills, pain, nausea, and vomiting.

liver abscess

Bacterial liver abscess, pyogeic liver abscess Hepatology A circumscribed focus of infection in the liver Etiology Intraperitoneal seeding from appendicitis, diverticulitis, perforated bowel, blood-borne, ascending bile tract infection, or post-traumatic Causative agents.E coli, Proteus vulgaris, Enterobacter aerogenes

liver abscess

A walled-off collection of pus in the liver, usually from the spread of AMOEBIASIS of the large intestine, but also from spread of infection from APPENDICITIS, DIVERTICULITIS, pelvic inflammation or gall bladder disease. There is high fever, tenderness over the liver, pain in the upper right corner of the abdomen and prostration. Liver abscesses must be drained surgically and the original cause treated.

liver

1. the large, dark-red organ located in the cranial portion of the abdomen, just behind the diaphragm. Its functions include storage and filtration of blood; secretion of bile; detoxication of noxious substances; conversion of sugars into glycogen; synthesis and breakdown of fats and temporary storage of fatty acids; and synthesis of serum proteins such as certain of the alpha and beta globulins, albumin, which helps regulate blood volume, and fibrinogen and prothrombin, which are essential blood clotting factors. See also hepatic.
2. a rich red-brown coat color in dogs that resembles the color of the organ.

liver abscess
causes toxemia, possibly local signs of subacute abdominal pain, pain on percussion or palpation over the liver if peritoneal inflammation is present, when there may also be a positive paracentesis sample.
liver damage
damage to the liver parenchyma causing some degree of hepatic insufficiency.
liver displacement
may be because of a diaphragmatic hernia with the liver protruding into the thoracic cavity. Usually accompanied by dyspnea.
liver dullness
dullness on percussion over the right rib cage, used to help in defining the size of the liver which must be grossly enlarged to register a recognizable change.
liver dysfunction
the result of diffuse damage to the liver, e.g. in hepatitis. There may be clinical signs including photosensitization, jaundice, hepatic encephalopathy in the form of the dummy syndrome, dullness and anorexia, or there may be subclinical disease detectable by clinicopathological tests, e.g. hypoglycemia, hypoproteinemia, hyperammonemia. All of the functions of the liver will be affected at the one time.
liver enlargement
may be caused by neoplasia, congestion (as with heart failure), and infiltration by fat or inflammatory cells.
liver enzyme
when there is acute, diffuse damage to the liver some of its enzymes are liberated into the blood, where they can be measured. An indication of the severity of the damage can be obtained in this way. Different enzymes are used in each animal species.
liver failure
when liver function is inadequate to sustain life; the end-stage of liver dysfunction.
fatty liver
one affected with fatty infiltration.
fatty liver syndrome
see fat cow syndrome.
liver fluke
fasciolahepatica.
liver fluke disease
see hepatic fascioliasis.
liver function
summation of the functions of the liver.
liver function tests
biochemical tests capable of demonstrating that the liver's functions are, or are not, at full capacity. The sulfobromophthalein clearance test is the most commonly used in veterinary medicine.
liver inflammation
inherited liver insufficiency
occurs in several breeds of sheep and is characterized by the appearance of photosensitive dermatitis when the lambs begin to eat green feed. There is an accumulation of phylloerythrin in the blood and other biochemical indications of insufficiency, but the liver is histologically normal. Called also inherited photosensitization.
liver injury
damage to the hepatic parenchyma, possibly by massive trauma, but usually by an hepatic toxin. A common cause of hepatic insufficiency.
liver insufficiency
see liver dysfunction (above).
liver lobe torsion
see liver torsion (below).
liver melanosis
see hepatic lipofuscinosis.
liver meridian points
acupuncture points along the liver meridian.
liver necrobacillosis
a disease characterized by multiple liver abscesses, usually containing Fusobacterium necrophorum and resulting from infection from a chemical rumenitis which originated from carbohydrate engorgement and lactic acid rumenitis.
liver protectant
substance used for the treatment of liver failure. The important ones are choline, methionine, betaine, lecithin, vitamin B12, selenium-vitamin E, essential phospholipids, glucose, fructose, vitamins E and B complex, and glucuronic acid.
liver rot
see acute hepatic fascioliasis.
liver rupture
is usually the result of severe trauma to the abdomen. In most cases there is massive hemorrhage into the peritoneal cavity, acute hemorrhagic anemia and mucosal pallor. Abdominal paracentesis recovers whole blood.
liver torsion
is usually restricted to a single lobe. Causes severe abdominal pain and severe vomiting.
References in periodicals archive ?
Primary liver abscess due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in Taiwan.
Most cases of liver abscess in cattle are diagnosed at slaughter or post mortem examination after dying or being sacrificed.
In this case series, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of five patients who had developed liver abscess after undergoing TACE in our department in 2012–2014, analyzed the causes of liver abscess, and summarized its management approach.
The efficacy of Ultrasonography and other radiological studies in determining the aetiology of liver abscess and in differentiating it from other hepatobiliary conditions which mandate change in the treatment.
In consclusion, the lesion was primarily characterized as a liver abscess, without a certain possibility to exclude other etiology (Figure 3).
It can also present as extraintestinal disease in the form of amebic liver abscess and even more rare as pulmonary, cardiac, and brain involvement.
Caption: Figure 5: Follow-up CT image at 3 months after hepatic artery revascularization with stent placement showed resolution of liver abscess.
The center of a liver abscess often appears as mixed signals with hypointense signaling on T1WI and hyperintense signaling on T2WI.
Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is the most common type of intra-abdominal abscess.
9] KP-induced liver abscess has been reported with increasing frequency in East Asian countries, especially in Taiwan and South Korea, in the past 3 decades.
Except for the time Boy Abunda was diagnosed with liver abscess that required him to undergo surgery and to take weeks off from his hosting duties on "The Buzz" and "Aquino and Abunda Tonight," little attention has been given to this hardworking yet often neglected organ.