lipopolysaccharide


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lipopolysaccharide

 [lip″o-pol″e-sak´ah-rīd]
1. a molecule in which lipids and polysaccharides are linked.
2. a major component of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria; lipopolysaccharides are endotoxins and important antigens.

lip·o·pol·y·sac·cha·ride (LPS),

(lip'ō-pol'ē-sak'ă-rīd),
1. A compound or complex of lipid and carbohydrate.
2. The lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin) released from the cell walls of gram-negative organisms that produces septic shock.

lipopolysaccharide

/lipo·poly·sac·cha·ride/ (-pol″e-sak´ah-rīd)
1. a molecule in which lipids and polysaccharides are linked.
2. a major component of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria; lipopolysaccharides are endotoxins and important antigens.

lipopolysaccharide

(lĭp′ō-pŏl′ē-săk′ə-rīd′, lī′pō-)
n.
Any of a group of polysaccharides in which a lipid constitutes a portion of the molecule, found in the outer cell wall of gram-negative bacteria.

lip·o·pol·y·sac·cha·ride

(lip'ō-pol'ē-sak'ă-rīd)
A compound or complex of lipid and carbohydrate; the lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin) that is released from the cell walls of gram-negative organisms that produces septic shock.

lipopolysaccharide

a molecule in which lipids and polysaccharides are linked. See also endotoxin.
References in periodicals archive ?
12) Also, the active role of lipopolysaccharides in the development and course of cholesteatomas was reported in previous studies.
Monocytes, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and THP-1 cells exhibit different cytokine expression patterns following stimulation with lipopolysaccharide.
Gut microbiota, lipopolysaccharides, and innate immunity in the pathogenesis of obesity and cardiovascular risk.
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide-mediated fetal death: production of a newly recognized form of inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) in murine decidua in response to lipopolysaccharide.
By 4 hours, those with diabetes had a mean lipopolysaccharide load of 17 EU/mL.
Production of tumor necrosis factor and other cytokines by astrocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide or a neurotropic virus.
Siderophore-mediated iron transport: crystal structure of FhuA with bound lipopolysaccharide.
Antibodies to Klebsiella pneumoniae lipopolysaccharide in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a component of the outer membrane of Porphyromonas gingivalis bacterium colonizing the oral cavity, is recognized as a key virulence factor responsible for eliciting chronic mucosal inflammation and periodontal lesions that lead to periodontal disease.
Whole blood from healthy human volunteers was mixed ex vivo in 1:1 ratio with RPMI 1640 culture medium and subsequently cultured at 3[degrees]C with or without adenosine (total of 120 [micro]M added in four aliquots over two hours) in the presence or absence of 100 ng/ml lipopolysaccharide for four and eight hours, respectively.
The three partners have used gene analysis to discover that lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a periodontal pathogen, reduces the level of collagen in the gum tissue and breaks the tissue down.