lipoid pneumonia


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lip·id pneu·mo·ni·a

, lipoid pneumonia
pulmonary condition marked by inflammatory and fibrotic changes in the lungs due to the inhalation of various oily or fatty substances, particularly liquid petrolatum, or resulting from accumulation in the lungs of endogenous lipid material, either cholesterol from obstructive pneumonitis or following fracture of a bone; phagocytes containing lipid are usually present.
Synonym(s): oil pneumonia

lipoid pneumonia

Golden pneumonia A pneumonitis caused by exogenous oils that percolate into the lung after intranasal instillation of mineral oil, oral ingestion of cod liver, castor or other oils, or due to a congenital defect in oropharyngeal diaphragm–eg, cleft palate or intense gag reflex. See Mineral oil. Cf Aspiration pneumonia.

lip·id pneu·mo·ni·a

, lipoid pneumonia (lip'id nū-mō'nē-ă, lip'oyd)
Pulmonary condition marked by inflammatory and fibrotic changes in the lungs due to the inhalation of various oily or fatty substances, particularly liquid petrolatum, or resulting from accumulation in the lungs of endogenous lipid material, either cholesterol from obstructive pneumonitis or following fracture of a bone; phagocytes containing lipid are usually present.

lipoid pneumonia

see lipid pneumonia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinically, the majority of patients with rapidly growing mycobacterial infections associated with swallowing disorders or lipoid pneumonia present with fever and pulmonary infiltrates.
Pulmonary infections with rapidly growing mycobacteria in the setting of swallowing disorders and/or lipoid pneumonia are most commonly due to Mycobacterium fortuitum.
Cholesterol granulomas in pulmonary disorders, unrelated to endogenous lipoid pneumonia, pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, and cholesterol pneumonia, are a rare finding during pneumectomy or autopsy.
Lipoid pneumonia -- characterized by inflammatory and fibrotic changes in the lung -- can result.