Our approach replaces it with limonene
, which can be isolated from lemons and oranges, giving us a much greener, more sustainable alternative," Kleij explained.
The research suggests that carefully choosing the amount of limonene
and the temperature at which chocolate is processed could lead to a smoother, more luxurious reduced-fat chocolate.
GC-MS analysis of MQEO (Table 1) has showed that limonene
is the major ingredient and it exhibited some anti-inflammatory activity in LPS-stimulated THP-1 cells which was not as good as MQEO.
While the target chemicals limonene
, linalool, and a few other natural fragrances are fairly common among products in our sample, the synthetic fragrance chemicals are comparatively rare (Table 1, Figure 3).
In trial 1, the effects of 11 ACEO (eugenol [99% purity], carvacrol [98% purity], citral [95% purity], limonene
[96% purity], 1,4-cineole [85% purity], [gamma]-terpinene [97% purity], p-cymene [99% purity], linalool [97% purity], bornyl acetate [95% purity], [alpha]-pinene [98% purity], and [beta]-pinene [99% purity]), which were provided by Sigma-Aldrich Chemical (Sigma-Aldrich, St.
Limonoids are distinctive secondary metabolites of the Citrus essential oils, derived from limonene
compound and showed large number of pharmacological and biological activities [15-16]
In contrast, [alpha]-pinene, [beta]-myrcene, limonene
, bornyl acetate, geranyl acetate, and [beta]-caryophyllene were inactive against Y.
Similar features have been found in other studies of limonene
and flaxseed oil (Soottitantawat et al.
Figure 1c-d shows TGA thermographs of microparticles immersed for 1 or 24 h in limonene
The olfactometer bioassay with 3 commercial available volatile terpenes limonene
a-pinene and AY-pinene against the adult psyllids showed that no significant chemotaxis effect was recorded when individual compounds or combination of (limonene
+ AY-pinene) were tested.
Acaricidal activity of limonene limonene
oxide and b-amino alcohol derivatives on Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus.
The case-study selected for illustrating the use of the software deals with the liquid phase reaction for the epoxidation of limonene
with hydrogen peroxide (Barrera et al.