The posterolateral boundaries of Sibson fascia are the vertebral column, first rib, levator scapulae
muscle, and scalenus medius muscle; the medial boundary is formed by the superior mediastinal structures; and the anterior boundary is formed by the scalenus anterior and sternocleidomastoid muscles.
The muscles they assessed were levator scapulae
, supraspinatus and infraspinatus, subscapularis, pectoralis major and biceps brachii.
Muscles Target: quadriceps; Synergists: gluteus maximus, adductor magnus, soleus; Dynamic Stabilizers: hamstrings, gastrocnemius; Stabilizers: erector spinae, upper and middle trapezius, levator scapulae
Antagonist Stabilizers: rectus abdominus, obliques Type: Cable Rear lunge Instructions Stand grasping handles of two fitness cables strapped to heavy weights (such as two table legs) on either side of you on the floor, creating two very low pulleys.
a) Stretch the upper trapezius and levator scapulae
muscles both pre and postflight.
The muscular floor of the triangle comprises (from superior to inferior): splenius capitis, levator scapulae
, and scalenus medius and posterior (Bruce et al 1967, Drake et al 2005, Grant and Basmajian 1965, Last 1978, Moore and Dalley 2006, Wood Jones 1953, Woodburne and Burkel 1988, Zuckerman 1961) (see Figure 1).
The plexus is found at the level of the first four cervical vertebrae deep to the sternocleidomastoid, in the layer superficial to the scalenus medius and levator scapulae
The scapular rotator muscles are the levator scapulae
, trapezius, rhomboids, and serratus anterior.
Beginner Words (ages 6 and under) cell egg gums pulp crown pore tears navel freckles moles water mucus pulse reflex fiber Junior words (ages 7 and 8) vagus arch node bile duct gallbladder hammer septum tailbone back shaft bulb palm sweat toes Advanced Words (ages 9 and 10) duodenum omentum transverse plexus abdomen adrenal palatine ophthalmic venous sinus vertebral column lymph node facial nerve vitreous humor stirrup cementum Super Words (ages 11 and 12) deltoid rotator cuff supraspinatus teres minor infraspinatus subscapularis levator scapulae
rhomboid major rhomboid minor latissimus dorsi splenius external oblique coracoid acromion
In upper cross syndrome, the tight muscles usually are the upper trapezius (located between shoulder and neck), neck extensors, sternocleidomastoid (large muscle located in front of the neck), pectoralis major and levator scapulae
(running from neck to shoulder blade).
The primary archery muscles of the shoulders and upper back are the rhomboids, levator scapulae
, trapezius, deltoids, latissimus dorsi, and the rotator cuff muscle group, which includes the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor.
The intercostal muscles are assisted by other muscles located in the neck including the sternocleidomastoid, scalene, levator scapulae
, and the pectoralis muscles.
Musculature removed during and debridement Retropharyngeal area Prevertebral fascia Longus capitis Longus colli Rectus capitis anterior Temporal fossa Medial pterygoid Lateral pterygoid Lower portion of temporalis Tensor veli palatini Levator veli palatini Portion of superior pharyngeal constrictor Portion of middle pharyngeal constrictor Neck Upper portion middle scalene Levator scapulae
Splenius capitis Trapezius Sternocleidomastoid Occipitalis Longissimus capitis Semispinalis capitis Obliquus capitis superior Obliquus capitis inferior Rectus capitis posterior major Rectus capitis posterior minor Posterior belly digastric Stylohyoid Styloglossus Stylopharyngeus Buccinator