leishmaniosis


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Related to leishmaniosis: cutaneous leishmaniasis, visceral leishmaniasis

leish·man·i·a·sis

(lēsh'măn-ī'ă-sis),
Infection with a species of Leishmania resulting in a clinically ill-defined group of diseases traditionally divided into four major types: visceral leishmaniasis (kala azar); Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis; New World cutaneous leishmaniasis; and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Each is clinically and geographically distinct and each has been newly subdivided into clinical and epidemiologic categories. Transmission is by various sandfly species of the genus Phlebotomus or Lutzomyia. See: tropic diseases.
Synonym(s): leishmaniosis

leish·man·i·a·sis

, leishmaniosis (lēsh'mă-nī'ă-sis, -nē-ōsis)
Infection with a species of Leishmania resulting in a clinically ill-defined group of diseases traditionally divided into four major types: visceral leishmaniasis (kala azar); Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis; New World cutaneous leishmaniasis; and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.

leishmaniasis, leishmaniosis

infection by Leishmania spp.; occurs in humans, domestic Canidae and rodents, and is an important zoonosis throughout the world, except Australia. Three forms occur: (1) visceral (kala-azar, black fever, dumdum fever), caused by L. donovani; (2) cutaneous (Oriental sore, Bagdad boil, Aleppo button), caused by L. tropica; and (3) mucocutaneous, caused by L. brasiliensis. Visceral leishmaniasis in the dog is a chronic, debilitating disease with weight loss, enlargement of the liver and spleen, and polyarthritis. Chronic ulcerations of the skin occur in the cutaneous form.
References in periodicals archive ?
Estudios de la infeccion en ratones, plantean que este modelo no reproduce las caracteristicas de la leishmaniosis visceral activa en seres humanos, y que el raton muestra un rapido aumento de la densidad parasitaria con induccion de una respuesta celular especifica capaz de controlar la infeccion (11).
La leishmaniosis en la provincia de Granada: estudio de la enzootia canina.
Palabras clave: perro, leishmaniosis visceral, clinica, serologia, histopatologia.
Dr Shaw reported on an in-depth study of 257 dogs diagnosed in the UK with confirmed leishmaniosis between 2005 and 2007.
The level of protection offered by Advantix(R) was all the more notable because of the particularly large numbers of ticks and sand flies and high prevalence of associated diseases like leishmaniosis or babesiosis in the area of the study.
Reperimento di Phlebotomus neglectus in un focolaio di leishmaniosi del Nord Italia (Provincia di Verona).
For example, sand flies, which transmit leishmaniosis, become more abundant as the climate warms.
Dogs in warmer regions, such as the Mediterranean area, which stay outside at night are additionally exposed to sand flies looking for a blood meal -- potential transmitters of leishmaniosis.
For instance, more and more Northern Europeans go to Spain, Italy, and France during the summer, and their pets may then return to the Netherlands, Belgium, or Germany with leishmaniosis, ehrlichiosis, or babesiosis.
Other CVBD include: Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, Leishmaniosis, Anaplasmosis, Bartonellosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF), and Dirofilariosis (Heartworm Disease).
Visceral leishmaniosis is a severe disease in dogs and is endemic in the Mediterranean region, as well as in many parts of Latin America, and the dog is a major reservoir for potential human infection.