leishmaniosis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

leish·man·i·a·sis

(lēsh'măn-ī'ă-sis),
Infection with a species of Leishmania resulting in a clinically ill-defined group of diseases traditionally divided into four major types: visceral leishmaniasis (kala azar); Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis; New World cutaneous leishmaniasis; and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Each is clinically and geographically distinct and each has been newly subdivided into clinical and epidemiologic categories. Transmission is by various sandfly species of the genus Phlebotomus or Lutzomyia. See: tropic diseases.
Synonym(s): leishmaniosis

leish·man·i·a·sis

, leishmaniosis (lēsh'mă-nī'ă-sis, -nē-ōsis)
Infection with a species of Leishmania resulting in a clinically ill-defined group of diseases traditionally divided into four major types: visceral leishmaniasis (kala azar); Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis; New World cutaneous leishmaniasis; and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.

leishmaniasis, leishmaniosis

infection by Leishmania spp.; occurs in humans, domestic Canidae and rodents, and is an important zoonosis throughout the world, except Australia. Three forms occur: (1) visceral (kala-azar, black fever, dumdum fever), caused by L. donovani; (2) cutaneous (Oriental sore, Bagdad boil, Aleppo button), caused by L. tropica; and (3) mucocutaneous, caused by L. brasiliensis. Visceral leishmaniasis in the dog is a chronic, debilitating disease with weight loss, enlargement of the liver and spleen, and polyarthritis. Chronic ulcerations of the skin occur in the cutaneous form.
References in periodicals archive ?
Esto indica la importancia de aplicar varios procedimientos para llegar a un diagnostico definitivo de leishmaniosis y resalta la necesidad de emplear metodos aun mas sensibles (24) .
in equids from the urban and rural regions of the geographical areas studied suggested that these animals were exposed to the pathogen and might be at risk of presenting leishmaniosis.
Un enfoque integral al estudio de animales reservorios, con enfasis en las Leishmaniosis del Nuevo mundo.
Se ha observado un incremento estadisticamente significativo, tanto en la concentracion de colesterol como en la de trigliceridos, respecto al grupo control, en los animales que padecian hiperadrenocorticismo, hipotiroidismo, leishmaniosis y dermatitis atopica.
Detection of Leishmania infantum DNA by fret-based real-time PCR in urine from dogs with natural clinical leishmaniosis.
Los altos niveles de anticuerpos especificos contra Leishmania son observados en pacientes con Leishmaniosis Visceral (LV) y otras formas graves de la enfermedad, acumulando pruebas de que las celulas B y los anticuerpos se correlacionan con la patologia (5).
1999 Polimorfismo entre Poblaciones de Lutzomvia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) Vector de Leishmaniosis Sugiere la Existencia de un Complejo de Especies.
Mas de la mitad de la muestra percibia su estado de salud como bueno, ya que no sufrian enfermedades graves que amenazaran su vida; por el contrario, reportaron enfermedades infecciosas de baja gravedad, enfermedad cardiovascular simple y cefaleas mixtas, que, para ellos, no eran comparables en su severidad con las padecidas en la selva y zonas montanosas, entre ellas, fiebre amarilla, dengue, paludismo, tuberculosis y leishmaniosis.
Diseases spread in tropical countries by insects are malaria, yellow fever, sleeping sickness, leishmaniosis and many more.
Cuando adquirio mayor autonomia, se propuso el analisis de otras enfermedades endemicas del territorio nacional: dengue, encefalitis equina, leishmaniosis y malaria.
Manual de procedimientos de laboratorio para el diagnostico de Leishmaniosis.
The chemotherapy against diseases such as leishmaniosis and trypanosomiosis is limited by the existence of only a few drugs in the market, most of which are of low efficacy, require a long and supervised treatment, show toxic side effects, and frequently lead to the appearance of resistant strains (Kayser et al.