lectins


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lectins

A group of proteins that bind firmly to specific small sugar (oligosaccharide) parts of glycoproteins and glycolipids. Most lectins in humans are cell membrane proteins with binding sites on the outside of the membranes, and are concerned in cell migration, tissue formation, fertilization, phagocytosis, agglutination, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, for the detection of glycans, biotinylated lectins could not be mixed together because the same glycans could be found on different proteins.
Individual animal species probably contain several lectins, including C-type lectins of different specificities, for detecting a variety of pathogens.
Kiser, and his colleagues developed and evaluated the anti-HIV activity of synthetic lectins based on a compound called benzoboroxole, or BzB, which sticks to sugars found on the HIV envelope.
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is an important component of the immune defence able to bind to repeating mannose based structural patterns typical of microbial surface (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites) leading to opsonization and phagocytosis, and activation of the complement pathway resulting in lysis of the pathogen.
This could be attributed to the effect of some anti-nutrients such as trypsin inhibitors and lectins in the seeds.
D'Adamo, discussed the dangers of lectins in his New York Times best-seller, Eat Right for Your Type.
Since lectins have a broader reactivity than monoclonal antibodies, we used lectins to identify recombinant VLP-specific carbohydrate ligand in oyster tissue.
CEO, Shigeyuki Morita) to fabricate a high-performance lectin array system by combining a specified scanner of Moritex (SCAN III, the former Nippon Laser & Electronics Lab Co.
But eating legumes, such as peas, beans, lentils and peanuts, which are high in lectins, can actually reduce the benefits of eating leafy greens.
A mild-mannered Hungarian, Arpad Pusztai, immigrated to Scotland and rose to become a world authority in the important field of plant lectins at the Rowett Research Institute in Aberdeen, Scotland.