laparotomy

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laparotomy

 [lap″ah-rot´ah-me]
incision through the abdominal wall.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ō-mē),
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

/lap·a·rot·o·my/ (-rot´ah-me) incision through the flank or, more generally, through any part of the abdominal wall.

laparotomy

(lăp′ə-rŏt′ə-mē)
n. pl. laparoto·mies
Surgical incision into the abdominal wall, especially into the flank.

laparotomy (lap)

[lap′ərot′əmē]
Etymology: Gk, lapara + temnein, to cut
any surgical incision into the abdominal wall, usually performed under general or regional anesthesia, often on an exploratory basis. Food and fluids by mouth are withheld for several hours before surgery. Immediately before surgery the skin may be shaved and cleansed from the nipple line to the pubis. If the intestine is opened, a nasogastric tube is inserted postoperatively. Frequent observation of vital signs and drainage systems is essential. Fluid intake and output are recorded. The patient is turned and encouraged to breathe deeply every hour and to cough if necessary. Medication is given as needed for pain relief. Some kinds of laparotomy are appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and colostomy. laparotomize, v.

laparotomy

Obstetrics Open pelvic surgery, a surgical format which has waned in popularity–WIP, but may be used for sterilization See Minilaparotomy tubal sterilization Surgery Open surgical exploration of the abdomen, which has WIP–laparoscopy has equal diagnostic yields with ↓ complications Indications Pronounced cholangitis, sepsis, perforation, hemorrhage. See Exploratory laparotomy. Cf Laparoscopy.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ŏ-mē)
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy.
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

1. A surgical incision through the flank.
2. (colloquial) an exploratory operation performed for purposes of diagnosis.

Laparotomy

Surgical incision into the loin, between the ribs and the pelvis, which offers surgeons a view inside the abdominal cavity.

laparotomy,

n any major surgical procedure that involves opening the abdomen.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ŏ-mē)
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy.
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

(lap´ərot´əmē),
n a surgical incision into the peritoneal cavity, usually performed under general or regional anesthesia, often on an exploratory basis.

laparotomy

incision through the flank or, more generally, through any part of the abdominal wall.

exploratory laparotomy
for the purpose of physically examining the contents of the peritoneal cavity.
laparotomy grid
see grid incision.
References in periodicals archive ?
In cases when the diagnosis is suspected, laparotomy has been advised to be performed (Scott Hs, 1993:8), but this policy has increased the rate of negative laparotomies (Tadvrel P, 1992:9).
The 38 patients who had laparotomies underwent surgery from 2003 to 2005, when this was the standard approach at the hospital.
You are probably an expert at placing drains in appropriate patients during laparotomies, but if you are like me, you've never placed one during a laparoscopy.
Most reassuring was a 1997 Swedish Health Registry study of 2 million pregnancies, in which 2,181 laparoscopies and 1,522 laparotomies were performed.