Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


Plural of lactobacillus.


n a type of bacteria that may play an important role in tooth decay. It is usually found in small amounts in dental plaque. Its concentration increases with high sugar intake.
References in periodicals archive ?
The influence of antibacterial and antioxidative probiotic lactobacilli on gut mucosa in mouse model of Salmonella infection.
Two antioxidative lactobacilli strains as promising probiotics," International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol.
26) Koll-Klais et al reported that resident lactobacilli flora inhibits the growth of P.
Lactobacilli may be especially useful for women with a history of recurrent, complicated UTIs or prolonged antibiotic use.
10,11) Administration of mammalian lactobacilli to chickens in vivo had no effect, but administration of adherent lactobacilli from chickens resulted in better growth rates and resistance to gram-negative bacterial infections.
conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial on the efficacy of a probiotic containing lactobacilli for the treatment of women with BV (Eur.
Table 1 highlights the antagonistic activity of the six lactobacilli against the four Gram-pathogens and the control, based on their inhibition zones expressed in mm.
Microscopic examination easily determines whether Lactobacilli of any species are growing.
b) MRS agar plates [13] (Oxoid CM 361) were incubated in anaerobic jars (Anaerobic system-Oxoid Ltd, Basingstoke, Hampshire, England) with gas generating kit (Oxoid Ltd, Basingstoke, UK) for 48[+ or -]2 h at 42[+ or -]1 [degrees]C for enumeration of thermophilic Lactobacilli and Streptococci.