lactase


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Related to lactase: lactase deficiency, lactate

lactase

 [lak´tās]
β-d-galactosidase; an enzyme in the intestinal mucosa that hydrolyzes lactose, producing glucose and galactose.
lactase deficiency a deficiency of intestinal lactase, which causes abdominal distention and cramping and often diarrhea when milk is drunk. The condition is usually hereditary with an onset between infancy and early adulthood, and is more common in Blacks, American Indians, and East Asians (70 to 90 per cent) than in Whites (10 to 15 per cent). It may also occur secondary to massive small bowel resection or to diseases involving the mucosa, such as celiac disease, Crohn's disease, tropical sprue, and ulcerative colitis.

β-d-ga·lac·to·sid·ase

(gă-lak'tō-sīd'ās),
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of lactose into d-glucose and d-galactose, as well as the hydrolysis of other β-d-galactosides; it also catalyzes galactotransferase reactions; a deficiency of β-d-galactosidase leads to problems in the intestinal digestion of lactose; used in the production of milk products for adults who lack the intestinal enzyme; a defect of one isozyme of β-d-galactosidase is associated with Morquio syndrome type B. Compare: lactase persistence, lactase restriction.
Synonym(s): lactase

lactase

/lac·tase/ (lak´tās) a β-galactosidase occurring in the brush border membrane of the intestinal mucosa that catalyzes the cleavage of lactose to galactose and glucose; it is part of the β-glycosidase enzyme complex.

lactase

(lăk′tās′)
n.
An enzyme occurring in certain yeasts and in the intestinal juices of mammals and catalyzing the hydrolysis of lactose into glucose and galactose.

lactase

[lak′tās]
Etymology: L, lac + Fr, diastase, enzyme
an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of lactose to glucose and galactose. Lactase is concentrated in the kidney, liver, and intestinal mucosa. Also called beta-galactosidase.

GLB1

A gene on chromosome 3p21.33 that encodes beta-galactosidase-1, a lysosomal enzyme that hydrolyses the terminal beta-galactose from gangliosides and other glycoconjugates.

Molecular biology
GLB1 mutations cause GM1-gangliosidosis and mucopolysaccharidosis IV (Morquio B syndrome).

β

Abbreviation for beta.

be·ta

(β) (bā'tă)
1. Second letter of the Greek alphabet.
2. chemistry Denotes the second in a series, the second carbon from a functional (e.g., carboxylic) group, or the direction of a chemical bond toward the viewer. For terms with the prefix β, see the specific term.

lactase

An enzyme that brings about the HYDROLYSIS of LACTOSE to glucose (dextrose) and galactose. Beta-galactosidase.

lactase

an enzyme that splits the disaccharide LACTOSE into galactose and glucose, secreted as part of the intestinal juice by glands in the SMALL INTESTINE wall. Lactase is also produced in ENZYME INDUCTION by bacteria (see OPERON MODEL).

lactase

d-galactosidase; an enzyme in the intestinal mucosa that hydrolyzes lactose, producing glucose and galactose.

lactase deficiency
a deficiency of intestinal lactase, which causes abdominal distention and cramping and often diarrhea when milk is drunk.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lactase enzyme supplements (LacDose[R], LactAid Fast Act[R], LactAid Ultra[R], LactAid[R], lactase enzyme, lactase fast acting, SureLac[R]) are readily available over-the-counter (OTC) (Drugs.
Out of the 100 subjects 81% had the genotype characteristic to lactase non-persistence (C/C).
Alternately, you can try taking lactase supplements--they are available in the market--before eating ice cream.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of DSM leading the lactase market.
This novel enzyme, called neutral lactase, acts in the small intestine, instead of the stomach.
Or, take over-the-counter lactase drops or tablets when you consume dairy products.
In humans, the lactase gene (LPH or LCT) is located on chromosome 2q21.
For me, when I'm having a dairy-crazy day or if my stomach is feeling gassy, I will try a lactase enzyme supplement just to calm things down a bit.
Natural selection: lactase persistence may have been selected for in some human populations after the advent of animal husbandry;
The company is introducing a lactose-free sour cream made from organic pasteurized cream, lactase enzyme and live active cultures.
Digesting milk is achallenge for anyone who lacks the enzyme lactase, which is one of the many enzymes that are essential for the effective functioning of our bodies
In addition, more than half of these self-identified lactose intolerant individuals were not, in fact, lactase deficient, based on a hydrogen breath test conducted after the lactose challenge.