Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to kwashiorkor: marasmic kwashiorkor
a syndrome occurring in infants and young children soon after weaning. It is due to severe protein deficiency, and the symptoms include edema, pigmentation changes of skin and hair, impaired growth and development, distention of the abdomen, and pathologic liver changes.
A dietary protein deficiency disease seen originally in Africans, particularly children 1-3 years old. It is characterized by marked hypoalbuminemia, anemia, edema, pot belly, depigmentation of the skin, loss of hair or change in hair color to red, and bulky stools containing undigested food. Postmortem examination reveals fatty changes in the cells of the liver, atrophy of the acinar cells of the pancreas, and hyalinization of the renal glomeruli.
[Ga, a language of Ghana, red boy or displaced child]
kwashiorkor/kwash·i·or·kor/ (kwahsh″e-or´kor) a form of protein-energy malnutrition produced by severe protein deficiency; caloric intake is usually also deficient. Symptoms include retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, immune deficiency, and pathologic changes in the liver.
marasmic kwashiorkor a condition in which there is a deficiency of both calories and protein, with severe tissue wasting, loss of subcutaneous fat, and usually dehydration.
Severe protein malnutrition, especially in children after weaning, marked by lethargy, growth retardation, anemia, edema, potbelly, skin depigmentation, and hair loss or change in hair color.
a malnutrition disease, primarily of children, caused by severe protein deficiency that usually occurs when the child is weaned from the breast. The child does not lose weight as dramatically and does not look as sick as a marasmic child, who lacks both protein and calories. Some now believe kwashiorkor may relate to bacterial grain contamination and occur when the newly weaned child begins to ingest grain products. Eventually the following symptoms occur: retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigmentation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, nervous irritability, lethargy, edema, anemia, fatty degeneration of the liver, necrosis, dermatoses, and fibrosis, often accompanied by infection and multivitamin deficiencies. Because dietary fats are poorly tolerated in kwashiorkor, its treatment includes a skimmed milk formula in initial feedings, followed by additional foods until a full, well-balanced diet is achieved. See also marasmic kwashiorkor, marasmus, protein-energy malnutrition.
Lab Anaemia, decreased haematocrit, blood volume, decreased albumin
Treatment Succotash, a diet mixture that provides the deficient amino acids
A disease seen in African children 1-3 years old, due to dietary deficiency, particularly of protein; characterized by marked hypoalbuminemia, anemia, edema, pot belly, depigmentation of the skin, loss of hair or change in hair color to red, and bulky stools containing undigested food.
kwashiorkorA serious nutritional deficiency disease of young children resulting from gross dietary protein deficiency with a high intake of carbohydrate of low nutritional value. There is retarded growth and development, a protuberant abdomen, muscle wasting, tissue fluid retention (OEDEMA), red discolouration of the hair, irritability or apathy and enlargement of the liver. The protein deficiency results in inadequate antibody levels and seious infections. Children under two years of age who develop kwashiorkor and survive are likely to suffer life-long ill effects.
kwashiorkorthe most widespread and serious human nutritional disease, brought on by acute protein starvation. The condition is characterized by apathy impaired growth, skin ulcers, swollen hands and feet and an enlarged liver. If untreated, it is fatal. Kwashiorkor typically affects children in the early stages after weaning.
Severe malnutritution in children primarily caused by a protein-poor diet, characterized by growth retardation.
A dietary protein deficiency disease seen originally in African children; involving anemia, edema, pot belly, dermal depigmentation, loss of hair or change in hair color to red, and other signs.
protein-caloric malnutrition; a human condition.