kwashiorkor


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Related to kwashiorkor: marasmic kwashiorkor

kwashiorkor

 [kwahsh″e-or´kor]
a syndrome occurring in infants and young children soon after weaning. It is due to severe protein deficiency, and the symptoms include edema, pigmentation changes of skin and hair, impaired growth and development, distention of the abdomen, and pathologic liver changes.

kwa·shi·or·kor

(kwah-shē-ōr'kōr),
A dietary protein deficiency disease seen originally in Africans, particularly children 1-3 years old. It is characterized by marked hypoalbuminemia, anemia, edema, pot belly, depigmentation of the skin, loss of hair or change in hair color to red, and bulky stools containing undigested food. Postmortem examination reveals fatty changes in the cells of the liver, atrophy of the acinar cells of the pancreas, and hyalinization of the renal glomeruli.
[Ga, a language of Ghana, red boy or displaced child]

kwashiorkor

/kwash·i·or·kor/ (kwahsh″e-or´kor) a form of protein-energy malnutrition produced by severe protein deficiency; caloric intake is usually also deficient. Symptoms include retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, immune deficiency, and pathologic changes in the liver.
marasmic kwashiorkor  a condition in which there is a deficiency of both calories and protein, with severe tissue wasting, loss of subcutaneous fat, and usually dehydration.

kwashiorkor

(kwä′shē-ôr′kôr′)
n.
Severe protein malnutrition, especially in children after weaning, marked by lethargy, growth retardation, anemia, edema, potbelly, skin depigmentation, and hair loss or change in hair color.

kwashiorkor

[kwä′shē·ôr′kôr]
Etymology: Afr
a malnutrition disease, primarily of children, caused by severe protein deficiency that usually occurs when the child is weaned from the breast. The child does not lose weight as dramatically and does not look as sick as a marasmic child, who lacks both protein and calories. Some now believe kwashiorkor may relate to bacterial grain contamination and occur when the newly weaned child begins to ingest grain products. Eventually the following symptoms occur: retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigmentation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, nervous irritability, lethargy, edema, anemia, fatty degeneration of the liver, necrosis, dermatoses, and fibrosis, often accompanied by infection and multivitamin deficiencies. Because dietary fats are poorly tolerated in kwashiorkor, its treatment includes a skimmed milk formula in initial feedings, followed by additional foods until a full, well-balanced diet is achieved. See also marasmic kwashiorkor, marasmus, protein-energy malnutrition.
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Kwashiorkor
Malnutrition associated with suboptimal caloric intake, seen in African children weaned from protein-rich maternal milk and fed protein-poor cereals, cassava and sweet potatoes
Lab Anaemia, decreased haematocrit, blood volume, decreased albumin
Treatment Succotash, a diet mixture that provides the deficient amino acids

kwa·shi·or·kor

(kwah-shē-ōr'kōr)
A disease seen in African children 1-3 years old, due to dietary deficiency, particularly of protein; characterized by marked hypoalbuminemia, anemia, edema, pot belly, depigmentation of the skin, loss of hair or change in hair color to red, and bulky stools containing undigested food.

kwashiorkor

A serious nutritional deficiency disease of young children resulting from gross dietary protein deficiency with a high intake of carbohydrate of low nutritional value. There is retarded growth and development, a protuberant abdomen, muscle wasting, tissue fluid retention (OEDEMA), red discolouration of the hair, irritability or apathy and enlargement of the liver. The protein deficiency results in inadequate antibody levels and seious infections. Children under two years of age who develop kwashiorkor and survive are likely to suffer life-long ill effects.

kwashiorkor

the most widespread and serious human nutritional disease, brought on by acute protein starvation. The condition is characterized by apathy impaired growth, skin ulcers, swollen hands and feet and an enlarged liver. If untreated, it is fatal. Kwashiorkor typically affects children in the early stages after weaning.

Kwashiorkor

Severe malnutritution in children primarily caused by a protein-poor diet, characterized by growth retardation.
Mentioned in: Malnutrition, Starvation

kwa·shi·or·kor

(kwah-shē-ōr'kōr)
A dietary protein deficiency disease seen originally in African children; involving anemia, edema, pot belly, dermal depigmentation, loss of hair or change in hair color to red, and other signs.

kwashiorkor (kwä´shēôr´kôr),

n a wasting disease of malnutrition that occurs in children after weaning as a result of severe protein deficiency. The word is Ghanan, meaning “the displaced child's visible condition.”
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Kwashiorkor.

kwashiorkor

protein-caloric malnutrition; a human condition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some say the word also means "red' and was used to describe the reddish-brown hair a child with kwashiorkor developed.
Plasma zinc, copper, selenium, ferritin and whole blood manganese concentrations in children with kwashiorkor in the acute stage and during refeeding.
The checklist of articles includes such items as high-lysine corn to prevent kwashiorkor,beans, rice, soap, candles, toothpaste, a toothbrush, underwear, socks, fishing line and hooks, vegetable seeds and small toys.
In Nigeria, close to 30% of children below 5 years are malnourished [12] but studies suggesting a possible role of aflatoxin in PEM were based only on detection of high concentration of aflatoxins in autopsy lung, kidney and liver specimens from children who died from kwashiorkor [13-15].
Qualified medical staff including clinical officers and nurses at each of the health centres assessed the clinical nutritional status of the children, classifying them as Marasmic, Kwashiorkor or Marasmic/ Kwashiorkor.
Infection often precedes the development of kwashiorkor.
The number of children admitted with kwashiorkor, measles, gastroenteritis and marasmus between 1983 and 1991 (group I) was compared with similar data for the period 1993 - 2002 (group 2).
Additionally, Indonesia experienced a re-emergence of marasmus, a form of severe protein-energy malnutrition, and kwashiorkor, another form of childhood malnutrition [13].
Hendrickse RG The influence of aflatoxins on child health in the tropics with particular reference to kwashiorkor.
The prognosis for aflatoxicosis for children with Kwashiorkor in various parts of West Africa was shown to be worse [19].
Studies have also demonstrated a possible association between aflatoxin exposure and growth faltering, particularly stunting in young children and in children with kwashiorkor [14, 15].
When relief operations fully commenced in September and October 1968, the humanitarian agencies agreed that attention should be primarily focused on kwashiorkor (protein deficiency disease) patients, children, expectant and feeding mothers, and refugees, especially those in camps.