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Related to knowledge: general knowledge


the ability of a client to remember and interpret information.
knowledge deficit (specify) a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the absence or deficiency of cognitive information related to a specific topic. For purposes of assessing knowledge deficit, setting objectives, and planning and implementing patient teaching, three broad areas or domains are recognized: the cognitive, the affective, and the psychomotor domains. These were devised by Benjamin S. Bloom and colleagues as a part of a taxonomy of educational objectives, whose purpose is to classify and better identify specific goals for teaching, learning, and evaluation of outcomes of the process.

The cognitive domain deals with the recall or recognition of knowledge and the development of intellectual abilities and skills. The affective domain encompasses interest, attitudes, and values. The psychomotor domain is the manipulative or motor-skill area of learning.

Learning objectives in each of these domains should be stated in behavioral terms. Educators contend that a change in behavior is evidence that learning has taken place. Hence, criteria by which one judges whether learning has occurred are written in terms of what the learner is able to do as a result of instruction. In the cognitive domain a goal of learning might be that the patient verbalizes dosage of prescribed medication, its expected actions, and any untoward reactions to be reported. In the affective domain, a change in attitude or value is observed as a change in behavior. Thus the fact that a patient loses the desired amount of weight in a specific period of time while following a special diet is evidence that the diet is valued and therefore has been followed. In the psychomotor domain a goal could be that the patient is able to take and record his or her own blood pressure accurately each day.

The overall purposes of assessing and implementing plans for correction of a knowledge deficit are to assist the patient and family members (1) to promote their own health and that of family members, (2) to maintain current health status and improve it as much as possible according to each person's capabilities, and (3) to improve to the fullest one's self-care abilities.
References in periodicals archive ?
Speed-to-value and knowledge-reuse lead the pack in justifying the business case for knowledge sharing.
The authors point out that firms always have had knowledge as one of their resources, but its competitive relevance and intensity has dramatically increased over the last decade.
There are several reasons for this shortcoming: First, it must be stated, that argumentative knowledge construction represents a main component within curricula on a general level, but it is not formulated in detail as practicable prescriptions for teachers.
Older age was linked with a higher score for knowledge of curable STDs, whereas older age, higher perceived level of knowledge and black and white race predicted a higher score for knowledge of incurable STDs.
Moving from perception, interpretation, and analysis to theory, one important difference between the early taxonomy and the new Circuits of Theory is that the original did not place enough emphasis on the differences between the individual and societal perspectives in relation to knowledge both existing and undiscovered.
Of the companies that have adopted large-scale knowledge management policies, including Coca-Cola, Ford, General Electric, IBM, Monsanto and Xerox, the CEOs play an active role.
Superior knowledge management technology is about time, accuracy, and the ability to share information across an organization.
Global Knowledge is the world's largest provider of IT certification programs and offers more than 500 vendor-specific courses in 70 international locations and in 15 languages every day for leading IT companies such as: Cisco, Microsoft, Nortel, Oracle, Enterasys, and Red Hat.
In recent years, the benefit of leveraging knowledge has been commonly discussed at numerous conferences.
IDC warns companies that think an effective knowledge management program can be planned and implemented in just a few years will be in for a rude awakening.
1 Analyze the knowledge flow in collaborative knowledge management
Tapping into critical pieces of information and being able to interface with other knowledge workers who can add context is at the heart of the Defense Acquisition University's (DAU's) Knowledge Management (KM) strategy.

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