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Imogene M. Nursing educator, administrator, researcher, and practitioner. She developed a conceptual framework for nursing at a time when nursing was striving for status as a science and for recognition as a legitimate profession. From her conceptual system, a theory of goal attainment was derived, within which she developed a transaction process model that makes her theory a middle range theory. Her ideas have been tested in research and used by practitioners and educators. Several other theories have been derived from her conceptual system.
(1923-2007), a nursing theorist who introduced her theory of goal attainment in her book, Toward a Theory for Nursing (1971). King defines nursing as a process of human interactions between nurse and patients who communicate to set goals and then agree to meet the goals. King's conceptual framework specifies three interacting systems: personal system, interpersonal system, and social system. She believes that the patient is a personal system within a social system, coexisting through interpersonal processes with other personal systems. The nurse and patient perceive each other and the situation, act and react, interact, and transact. From her major concepts (interaction, perception, communication, transaction, role, stress, growth and development, and time and space), she derives her theory of goal attainment. King describes nursing as a discipline and an applied science, with emphasis on the derivation of nursing knowledge from other disciplines. She suggests that the patient's and nurse's perceptions, judgments, and actions lead to reaction, interaction, and transaction, which she calls the process of nursing.