kidney failure


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to kidney failure: dialysis

failure

 [fāl´yer]
inability to perform or to function properly.
adult failure to thrive a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a progressive functional deterioration of a physical and cognitive nature. The individual's ability to live with multisystem diseases, cope with ensuing problems, and manage his/her care are remarkably diminished.
bone marrow failure failure of the hematopoietic function of the bone marrow; see also bone marrow suppression.
congestive heart failure see congestive heart failure.
heart failure see heart failure.
kidney failure renal failure.
multiple organ failure failure of two or more organ systems in a critically ill patient; see also multiple organ failure.
renal failure see renal failure.
respiratory failure see respiratory failure.
failure to thrive (failure to thrive syndrome) physical and developmental retardation in infants and small children. The syndrome can be seen in children with a physical illness, but the term is most often taken to mean failure to thrive due to psychosocial effects such as maternal deprivation. The syndrome was first noticed when European psychiatrists studied the development of babies who had spent the first five years of their lives in institutions where they were deprived of the emotional warmth of a mother, father, or other primary caregiver.

Characteristics of the failure to thrive syndrome include lack of physical growth (for example, weight and height below the third percentile for age) and below normal achievement in fine and gross motor, social-adaptive, and language skills as assessed by psychometric testing using a tool such as the Denver Developmental Screening Test. Additionally, the child with this syndrome displays withdrawing behavior, avoidance of eye contact, and stiffness or flaccid posture when held. These children often have a history of irritability, feeding problems, and disturbed sleep patterns.

Parents of infants with failure to thrive syndrome typically display feelings of concern and inadequacy. The infant who is feeding poorly and is irritable may elicit a response in the caregiver that reflects tension and frustration. The need for comfort and nurturing by the infant may not be met, and this may lead to a cycle that exacerbates feeding problems.

Intervention encompasses identification of infants and mothers at risk for the syndrome and care of both mother or primary caregiver and infant. The major goals are to encourage the mother to express her feelings without fear of rejection, to model the role of mother and teach her nurturing behaviors, and to promote her self-esteem and confidence. Important nursing goals in the care of the infant include providing optimal nutrition, comfort, and rest; meeting the infant's psychosocial needs; and supplying emotional nurturance and sensory stimulation appropriate to the assessed developmental level.
ventilatory failure respiratory failure.

kidney failure

kidney failure

Any of a number of conditions–eg, diabetic nephropathy, ESRD, lupus nephritis, characterized by ↓ renal function Management Dialysis; success is monitored by URR and Kt/V. See Acute renal failure, Chronic renal failure, End-stage renal disease.

re·nal fail·ure

(rē'năl fāl'yŭr)
Impairment of renal function, either acute or chronic, with retention of urea, creatinine, and other waste products.
Synonym(s): kidney failure.

kidney failure

The stage in kidney disease in which neither organ is capable of excreting body waste products fast enough to prevent their accumulation in the blood. Kidney failure is inevitably fatal unless the affected person is treated by DIALYSIS or has a kidney transplant.

Kidney failure

The inability of the kidney to excrete toxic substances from the body.
Mentioned in: Nephrotic Syndrome

re·nal fail·ure

(rē'năl fāl'yŭr)
Impairment of renal function, either acute or chronic, with retention of urea, creatinine, and other waste products.
Synonym(s): kidney failure.

failure

inability to perform or to function properly.

failure to conceive
said of cows which return to estrus after mating.
kidney failure
see renal failure.
failure of passive transfer
see maternal immunity.
respiratory failure
called also ventilatory failure; see respiratory failure.
failure to thrive
used generally to describe young animals which are not gaining weight or growing; can be due to disease or management problems. In llamas, used to describe a specific syndrome in which the young are normal in early age, but later stop growing. Rickets is one possible cause, but there may be others.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ensure Medigap coverage for beneficiaries with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and allow individuals with kidney failure to retain access to private insurance.
Another risk factor for kidney failure is hypertension, Dr.
Two of these are around blood glucose and blood pressure; as well as helping prevent kidney failure, these are also important for preventing other diabetes-related complications such as heart disease and stroke.
Those few who do experience complications that lead to kidney failure also have a safety net of sorts: They are given very high priority on transplant wait lists.
If the child develops a case of complete kidney failure, we would use one of the two available types of dialysis treatments, either the hemodialysis, which is more commonly used for treating kidney failure in adults, or the peritoneal dialysis.
Researchers in Finland identified a genetic variant on chromosome 2 that was linked with kidney failure in women with type 1 diabetes.
She added: "As well as being tragic for the person involved, kidney failure is also expensive to treat and the high level of diabetes-related kidney failure is one of the reasons diabetes costs 10% of the NHS budget.
But, instead, we are in danger of high blood pressure becoming the norm in people with the condition and this is one of the reasons they are experiencing record rates of stroke and kidney failure and are dying years younger than the rest of the population.
About 44,000 Egyptians suffer from kidney failure," said Akram El-Shaer, head of the PA's health committee, who read out the statement.
A simple blood test might reveal which people with diabetes are most prone to kidney failure, two long-term studies show.
Andy Stein, a consultant at University Hospital, was delighted to learn that his book, Kidney Failure, was highly commended at the 2011 BMA Medical Book and Patient Information Awards.