ketosis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to ketosis: ketoacidosis

ke·to·sis

(kē-tō'sis),
A condition characterized by the enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation.
[ketone + -osis, condition]

ketosis

/ke·to·sis/ (ke-to´sis) accumulation of excessive amounts of ketone bodies in body tissues and fluids, occurring when fatty acids are incompletely metabolized.ketot´ic

ketosis

(kē-tō′sĭs)
n. pl. keto·ses (-sēz)
A pathological increase in the production of ketone bodies.

ke·tot′ic (-tŏt′ĭk) adj.

ketosis

[kitō′sis]
Etymology: Gk, keton + glykys, sweet + osis, condition
the abnormal accumulation of ketones in the body as a result of excessive breakdown of fats caused by a deficiency or inadequate use of carbohydrates. Fatty acids are metabolized instead, and the end products, ketones, begin to accumulate. This condition is seen in starvation, occasionally in pregnancy if the intake of protein and carbohydrates is inadequate, and most frequently in diabetes mellitus. It is characterized by ketonuria, loss of potassium in the urine, and a fruity odor of acetone on the breath. Untreated, ketosis may progress to ketoacidosis, coma, and death. See also diabetes mellitus, ketoacidosis, starvation. ketotic, adj.

Acetonaemia

The presence of an excess of acetone in the blood, which occurs in ketoacidosis due to alcohol abuse, uncontrolled diabetes (ketoacidosis), starvation and prolonged fasting.

ketosis

An abnormal ↑ in serum concentration of ketone bodies that does not produce acidosis. Cf Ketoacidosis.

ke·to·sis

(kē-tō'sis)
Enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation.
[ketone + -osis, condition]

ketosis

The presence of abnormally high levels of KETONES in the blood. These are produced when fats are used as fuel in the absence of carbohydrate or available protein as in DIABETES or starvation. Ketosis is dangerous because high levels make the blood abnormally acid and there is loss of water, sodium and potassium and a major biochemical upset with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion, and, if the condition is not rapidly treated, coma and death. Mild ketosis also occurs in cases of excessive morning sickness in pregnancy.

ketosis

enhanced ketone production; see ketoacidosis

ke·to·sis

(kē-tō'sis)
Condition characterized by enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation.
[ketone + -osis, condition]

ketosis,

ketosis

1. accumulation in the blood and tissues of large quantities of the ketone bodies: β-hydroxybutyric acid, acetoacetic acid and acetone. Because the first two are acids, this results in metabolic acidosis. Thus, the condition is often referred to as ketoacidosis.
2. in ruminants is used synonymously with acetonemia, pregnancy toxemia. See also fat cow syndrome.

secondary ketosis
acetonemia secondary to another condition which reduces the cow's feed intake.
References in periodicals archive ?
The positive effects of nutritional ketosis have been reported for over 80 years, though the name that most people associate with a low-carb, high-fat diet is Dr.
There is a difference between HHS and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) where DKA presents with significant metabolic acidosis, ketosis and lower levels of hyperglycemia, although these two illnesses are acute complications of diabetes mellitus (DAC).
Many dry cows carry too much condition and are overfed in late pregnancy, putting the cow at risk of ketosis in early lactation.
The syndrome causes metabolic disorders like ketosis, lactation fever, declining in health situation and fertility functioning as well as some diseases like mastitis and placenta remaining.
to go into a state of ketosis, which means it burns its own fat for fuel.
The term HHS has replaced 'hyperglycemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma' and 'hyperglycemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic state' since coma is not always seen and mild to moderate ketosis can be present in HHS.
Ketosis referred to at least 1+ ketonuria on dipstick urinalysis or trace ketonaemia on qualitative laboratory serum analysis.
Ketosis is a major metabolic disease of many dairy cows in early lactation, and occurs frequently in high yielding cows.
The disease has many complications like blindness, renal insufficiency, coronary insufficiency, myocardial infarction, peripheral circulatory disorders and acute complications (hypoglycemia, ketosis and lactic acidosis).
The combination of these changes in intake, the effects of anaesthesia and surgery, and associated changes in managing insulin can be complicated by hyperglycaemia, ketosis or hypoglycaemia (8).
An atypical form of type 2 diabetes that presents with ketosis in sub-Saharan blacks has been found to be associated with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), according to a recent paper published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The plan aims to take followers into a state of ketosis, where the body is starved of carbohydrates.