ketosis


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Related to ketosis: ketoacidosis

ke·to·sis

(kē-tō'sis),
A condition characterized by the enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation.
[ketone + -osis, condition]

ketosis

/ke·to·sis/ (ke-to´sis) accumulation of excessive amounts of ketone bodies in body tissues and fluids, occurring when fatty acids are incompletely metabolized.ketot´ic

ketosis

(kē-tō′sĭs)
n. pl. keto·ses (-sēz)
A pathological increase in the production of ketone bodies.

ke·tot′ic (-tŏt′ĭk) adj.

ketosis

[kitō′sis]
Etymology: Gk, keton + glykys, sweet + osis, condition
the abnormal accumulation of ketones in the body as a result of excessive breakdown of fats caused by a deficiency or inadequate use of carbohydrates. Fatty acids are metabolized instead, and the end products, ketones, begin to accumulate. This condition is seen in starvation, occasionally in pregnancy if the intake of protein and carbohydrates is inadequate, and most frequently in diabetes mellitus. It is characterized by ketonuria, loss of potassium in the urine, and a fruity odor of acetone on the breath. Untreated, ketosis may progress to ketoacidosis, coma, and death. See also diabetes mellitus, ketoacidosis, starvation. ketotic, adj.

Acetonaemia

The presence of an excess of acetone in the blood, which occurs in ketoacidosis due to alcohol abuse, uncontrolled diabetes (ketoacidosis), starvation and prolonged fasting.

ketosis

An abnormal ↑ in serum concentration of ketone bodies that does not produce acidosis. Cf Ketoacidosis.

ke·to·sis

(kē-tō'sis)
Enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation.
[ketone + -osis, condition]

ketosis

The presence of abnormally high levels of KETONES in the blood. These are produced when fats are used as fuel in the absence of carbohydrate or available protein as in DIABETES or starvation. Ketosis is dangerous because high levels make the blood abnormally acid and there is loss of water, sodium and potassium and a major biochemical upset with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion, and, if the condition is not rapidly treated, coma and death. Mild ketosis also occurs in cases of excessive morning sickness in pregnancy.

ketosis

enhanced ketone production; see ketoacidosis

ke·to·sis

(kē-tō'sis)
Condition characterized by enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation.
[ketone + -osis, condition]

ketosis,

ketosis

1. accumulation in the blood and tissues of large quantities of the ketone bodies: β-hydroxybutyric acid, acetoacetic acid and acetone. Because the first two are acids, this results in metabolic acidosis. Thus, the condition is often referred to as ketoacidosis.
2. in ruminants is used synonymously with acetonemia, pregnancy toxemia. See also fat cow syndrome.

secondary ketosis
acetonemia secondary to another condition which reduces the cow's feed intake.
References in periodicals archive ?
Could exercise potentiate the ketosis from the diet?
Consequently, attention was paid to concentrations rather than presence or absence of hyperketonemia in cows to investigate genetic variations in ketosis susceptibility.
Suppressible glucagon secretion in young ketosis resistant, type "J" diabetic patients in India.
Ketosis can be diagnosed by a test to detect ketones in the urine.
It is a time of negative energy balance (NEB), when the onset of ketosis and other metabolic diseases is most common.
These cows were screened for ketosis using modified Rothera's test and urine Diastix.
I would get some ketone strips and monitor her urine for ketosis too since it can easily follow a bout of milk fever with her being off feed.
Furthermore, it could lead to the development of new tools to help dairy farmers optimize their herd management, for example indicators for ketosis and feed efficiency," he added.
Most cancers are highly responsive to therapeutic ketosis, a natural physiological state induced during prolonged states of decreased glucose in combination with calorie restriction, the study says.
If these animals are consuming a natural diet, that is not scavenged from the dump, they are probably in a state of ketosis where energy for neural processes does not fluctuate much," Miller said.
Boney urged that those with DKA and ketosis should be started on intravenous fluids and insulin, regardless of their age and body habitus.