ketogenic diet


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diet

 [di´et]
1. the customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by a person from day to day.
2. more narrowly, a regimen of food intake planned to meet specific requirements of the individual, including or excluding certain foods. See also nutrition.
acid-ash diet a special diet prescribed to increase the acidity of the urine so that alkaline salts will remain in solution. The diet may be given to aid in the elimination of fluid in certain kinds of edema, in the treatment of some types of urinary tract infection, and to inhibit the formation of alkaline urinary calculi. Meat, fish, eggs, and cereals are emphasized, with little fruit and vegetables and no milk or cheese.
alkali-ash diet a therapeutic diet prescribed to increase the alkalinity of the urine and dissolve uric acid and cystine urinary calculi. This type of diet changes the urinary pH so that certain salts are kept in solution and excreted in the urine. Emphasis is placed on fruits, vegetables, and milk. Meat, eggs, bread, and cereals are restricted.
bland diet one that is free from any irritating or stimulating foods.
DASH diet (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products; low in saturated and total fats; low in cholesterol; and high in fiber. Research studies support the hypothesis that this diet reduces blood pressure and may play a role in prevention of high blood pressure.
elemental diet one consisting of a well-balanced, residue-free mixture of all essential and nonessential amino acids combined with simple sugars, electrolytes, trace elements, and vitamins.
elimination diet one for diagnosis of food allergy, based on omission of foods that might cause symptoms in the patient.
Feingold diet a controversial diet for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, which excludes artificial colorings and flavorings, preservatives, and salicylates. The national institutes of health consensus statement, Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, notes that exclusion diets like this are an area warranting additional research.
gluten-free diet see gluten-free diet.
high calorie diet one that furnishes more calories than needed to maintain weight, often more than 3500–4000 calories per day.
high fat diet one that furnishes more than 35 per cent of its total calories from fats; see also ketogenic diet.
high fiber diet one high in dietary fiber (typically more than 24 g daily), which decreases bowel transit time and relieves constipation.
high protein diet one containing large amounts of protein, consisting largely of meats, fish, milk, legumes, and nuts.
ketogenic diet one that produces ketones or acetones, or mild acidosis, such as one that is low in calories with insufficient carbohydrate and protein; it is occasionally used in the treatment of epilepsy. See also low fat diet.
liquid diet see liquid diet.
low calorie diet one containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight, e.g., less than 1200 calories per day for an adult.
low fat diet one containing limited amounts of fat.
low fiber diet low residue diet.
low purine diet one for mitigation of gout, omitting meat, fowl, and fish and substituting milk, eggs, cheese, and vegetable protein.
low residue diet one with a minimum of cellulose and fiber and restriction of connective tissue found in certain cuts of meat. It is prescribed for irritations of the intestinal tract, after surgery of the large intestine, in partial intestinal obstruction, or when limited bowel movements are desirable, as in colostomy patients. Called also low fiber diet and minimal residue diet.
low tyramine diet a special diet required by patients receiving MAO inhibitors. Foods containing tyramine include aged cheeses, red wine, beer, cream, chocolate, and yeast.
minimal residue diet low residue diet.
protein-sparing diet one consisting only of liquid protein or liquid mixtures of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, containing no more than 600 calories; it is designed to maintain a favorable nitrogen balance. Such diets have been used in weight loss programs, but are used only rarely now, usually only in inpatient settings.
purine-free diet low purine diet.
vegan diet the diet of a vegan; see also veganism.
vegetarian diet see vegetarian diet.

ke·to·gen·ic di·et

a high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and normal protein diet causing ketosis.

ketogenic diet

a diet high in fats (often as medium chain triglycerides) and proteins and low in carbohydrates, primarily used in the treatment of epilepsy.

ke·to·gen·ic di·et

(kē'tō-jen'ik dī'ĕt)
A high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and normal protein diet causing ketosis.

ketogenic

forming or capable of being converted into ketone bodies.

ketogenic diet
one containing large amounts of fat, with minimal amounts of protein and carbohydrate. The object of such a diet is to produce ketosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
While they acknowledge ketones may have other health benefits, the researchers suggest the potential of the ketogenic diet as treatment for some epilepsy patients future research may focus on deconoic acid.
Her ketogenic diet is high in fat and very low in carbohydrates, and she must also drink 50ml of a special oil four times a day to boost her fat intake.
They also make them aware of the different treatment options and diagnostic tools available at Tawam Hospital, including the VNS device implantation and ketogenic diet therapies.
com) on Friday, March 22, 2013, which covers the new Clean Start hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) for Weight Loss Program, prescription appetite suppressants, ketogenic diet based programs, meal replacements and B6/12 injections.
Fighting back with fat; a parent's guide to battling epilepsy through the ketogenic diet and modified Atkins diet.
Nonpharmacological choices include epilepsy surgery, vagus nerve stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and alternative therapies such as the ketogenic diet and herbal remedies.
Effects of a ketogenic diet on the quality of life in 16 patients with advanced cancer: A pilot trial.
The possibility of administration of high medium chain triglyceride, high fiber ketogenic diet on actinide based primitive organism like archaea with a mevalonate pathway and cholesterol catabolism was considered in these disease states [1-10].
Enhanced with a section of full color photographs of finished dishes, "The Keto Cookbook" is enhanced with the addition of practical, 'real world' suggestion and techniques for living on a ketogenic diet and life style at home and elsewhere.
It has been reported that infantile spasms are controlled with ketogenic diet in 2/3 of the patients and side effects of diet are less than the side effects of adrenocorticotropins (31).
Once kidney damage had developed, half the mice were put onto the ketogenic diet for eight weeks.
SAN ANTONIO - Switching from the modified Atkins diet to the stricter ketogenic diet may improve seizure control in some patients with intractable epilepsy, a multinational, retrospective study has shown.