ketamine


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ketamine

 [ke´tah-mēn]
a nonbarbiturate anesthetic related to phencyclidine, administered intravenously or intramuscularly to produce dissociative anesthesia. Approximately 12 per cent of patients experience emergence reactions, which can include frightening hallucinations and dreams.

ket·a·mine

(kēt'ă-mēn),
A parenterally administered anesthetic that produces catatonia, profound analgesia, increased sympathetic activity, and little relaxation of skeletal muscles; side effects include sialorrhea and occasional pronounced dysphoria, especially in adults; chemically related to phencyclidine (PCP), it can produce hallucinations.

ketamine

/keta·mine/ (ke´tah-mēn) a rapid-acting general anesthetic, used as the hydrochloride salt.

ketamine

(kē′tə-mēn′)
n.
A general anesthetic given intravenously or intramuscularly, used especially for minor surgical procedures in which muscle relaxation is not required, and used illegally as a recreational drug.
A surgical anaesthetic withdrawn from the market due to disorientation and violent behaviour that occurred when patients regained consciousness; on the club scene, ketamine is in liquid form or a white powder snorted or smoked with marijuana or tobacco products
Pharmacologic effects Dissociative anaesthesia, CNS stimulant, hallucinations, visual distortion, a loss of senses, sense of time, and identity for 30 minutes to 2 hours, delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, hypertension, depression, recurrent flashbacks, potentially fatal respiratory problems

ketamine

Substance abuse A surgical anesthetic withdrawn from the market due to disorientation and violent behavior that occurred when Pts regained consciousness; on the club scene, ketamine is in liquid form or a white powder snorted or smoked with marijuana or tobacco products Pharmacologic effects Dissociative anesthesia, CNS stimulant, hallucinations. visual distortion, a loss of senses, sense of time, and orientation for 30 mins to 2 hr, delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, HTN, depression, recurrent flashbacks, potentially fatal respiratory problems

ketamine

A drug used to produce insensitivity to pain, mental and emotional dissociation and lack of awareness so that surgical procedures can be carried out on a conscious patient. It is related to PHENCYCLIDINE. The drug is on the WHO official list.A brand name is Ketalar.

ket·a·mine

(kēt'ă-mēn)
A parenterally administered anesthetic that produces catatonia, profound analgesia, increased sympathetic activity, and little relaxation of skeletal muscles; side-effects include sialorrhea and occasional pronounced dysphoria.

ketamine,

n a parenterally administered anesthetic that produces catatonia, profound analgesia, increased sympathetic activity, and little relaxation of skeletal muscles.
References in periodicals archive ?
His nasal symptoms improved after he quit using ketamine and received regular intranasal rinses and endoscopic debridement during follow-up.
In children, intranasal midazolam-sufentanyl and ketamine-midazolam combinations or propofol and ketamine anesthesia are used intravenously for dental treatments.
Appraisal: This study was unique in evaluating intranasal ketamine versus intranasal fentanyl in children via a comparative trial format.
A type of ketamine that couldn't be broken down easily into HNKs didn't ease signs of depression.
Keywords: Ketamine (KE), refractory status epilepticus (RSE), status epilepticus (SE).
We have to develop this rationally," said ketamine researcher Gerard Sanacora, MD, PhD, lead author of an APA consensus statement published in JAMA Psychiatry (2017;74[4]:399-405) urging caution on use of ketamine for mood disorders, and professor of psychiatry and director of the Depression Research Program at Yale University, New Haven, Conn.
Adverse effects can include nausea and headache in patients with a history of migraine, said anesthesiologist Gregory Simelgor, MD, who runs a ketamine clinic near Minneapolis.
Key words: Horses, Standing sedation, Acepromazine, Detomidine, Ketamine, Xylazine, Hematology.
15 ( ANI ): A low dose of ketamine, an anaesthetic drug which is more effective than a commonly used sedative, may be significantly effective for reducing suicidal thoughts in patients with depression, a study has recently revealed.