juvenile periodontitis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.

ju·ve·nile per·i·o·don·ti·tis

[MIM*170650]
a degenerative periodontal disease of adolescents in which the periodontal destruction is out of proportion to the local irritating factors present on the adjacent teeth; inflammatory changes become superimposed, and bone loss, migration, and extrusion are observed. Two forms are recognized: localized, in which the destruction is limited to the incisors and first molars; and generalized, involving all the teeth.
Synonym(s): periodontosis

juvenile periodontitis

an abnormal, extremely invasive condition characterized by severe localized pocketing and bone loss in the dental alveoli of children and adolescents, generally associated with poor oral hygiene and inadequate nutrition.See aggressive periodontitis.

aggressive periodontitis type 1

An autosomal dominant condition (OMIM:170650) characterised by severe and protracted gingival infections, leading to tooth loss.

Molecular pathology
Defects in CTSC, which encodes cathepsin C, a ubiquitous lysosomal cysteine proteinase, cause aggressive periodontititis type 1.

juvenile periodontitis

Dentistry Early onset periodontitis of adolescents, ♂:♀ ratio, 3:1, characterized by an early loss of alveolar bone surrounding permanent teeth; 84% have underlying endocrinopathies, 12% systemic disease–eg, DM, neutropenia, Down syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, hyperkeratosis palmaris et plantaris, larger histiocytosis X, hypophosphatasia Etiology Actinobacillus actinomycecomitans and others

ju·ve·nile per·i·o·don·ti·tis

(jū'vĕ-nil per'ē-ō-don-tī'tis)
A degenerative periodontal disease of adolescents in which the periodontal destruction is out of proportion to the local irritating factors present on the adjacent teeth; inflammatory changes become superimposed, and bone loss, migration, and extrusion are observed. Two forms are recognized: 1) localized, in which the destruction is limited to the incisors and first molars; and 2) generalized, involving all of the teeth.
Synonym(s): periodontosis.

ju·ve·nile per·i·o·don·ti·tis

(jū'vĕ-nil per'ē-ō-don-tī'tis) [MIM*170650]
Degenerative periodontal disease of adolescents in which periodontal destruction is out of proportion to local irritating factors present on adjacent teeth; inflammatory changes become superimposed, and bone loss, migration, and extrusion are observed. Two forms are recognized: localized, in which the destruction is limited to the incisors and first molars; and generalized, involving all teeth.
Synonym(s): localized juvenile periodontitis, periodontosis.

juvenile periodontitis,

n a distinct form of aggressive periodontitis that may present with symptoms such as localized or generalized inflammatory changes in the periodontium of prepubertal children. The disease is characterized by severe pocketing and rapid destruction of alveolar bone. Several subtypes of the disease are recognized such as localized or generalized (formerly called
periodontosis).
Enlarge picture
Junctional epithelium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Early detection of juvenile periodontitis is the key to successful preventive treatment.
A new DNA probe, DMDx test, provides the most accurate early detection of juvenile periodontitis by measuring the specific levels of bacteria in the mouth.
In-vivo studies were carried out on few patients having severe cases of juvenile periodontitis.
Microbiological clinicai effects of surgery plus doxycycline on juvenile periodontitis.
The effect of treatment on Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in localized juvenile periodontitis.
Genetic analysis of juvenile periodontitis in families ascertained through an affected proband.
has potential for use as an adjunct in the treatment of juvenile periodontitis.
Loe says, "It is most likely that research on juvenile periodontitis may throw additional light and give new clues to understanding the subtleties of the adult, slow-developing, chronic periodontitis.

Full browser ?