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n Japanese martial art and sport derived from jujutsu; relies primarily on grappling techniques and a philosophy that emphasizes yielding instead of resistance.
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For over 30 years, Korean Judoists have received high intensity training to enhance athletic performance during season (March to November) (13), to maintain fat free mass in winter off-season training period (December to February), and to increase aerobic and anaerobic performance.
The purpose of this study is to examine training effects on immunoglobulin and physiological stress changes and physical fitness level changes induced by increased cold stress during winter off-season training in elite Judoists.
It has been submitted that elite judoists should have low body fat and high muscle mass percentage (P.
In The Turkish Male National Judo Team, the training year averages of judoists in all weight categories were determined as not less than 7 years.
This study has been performed to reveal hand bone peculiarities of elite male judoists by comparing their phalangeal and metacarpal bones with those of sedentary men on the basis of biometric ratio of the bones by means of three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) images.
In the literature some physiomorphological studies on judoists have been found.
The first result showed no head position effect for the group of judoists (6[degrees] [+ or -] 5[degrees]; 7[degrees] [+ or -] 5[degrees]) or dancers (4[degrees] [+ or -] 2[degrees]; 5[degrees] [+ or -] 3[degrees]), but a significant effect for untrained participants (5[degrees] [+ or -] 2[degrees]; 7[degrees] [+ or -] 3[degrees]), whose visual vertical perception was more disturbed with the head tilted than upright.
2004) Adverse effects of energy restriction on myogenic enzymes in judoists.
In view of the above considerations, the aim of the present study was to investigate caffeine's effect on the morning short-term maximal exercise, mood state, and simple reaction time on elite judoists.
Judoists and cyclists were enrolled in this study because of the importance of body weight control for performance and the associated greater risk for eating disorders in endurance and weight-class sports (Andersen et al.