jail fever


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ty·phus

(tī'fŭs), In German, Typhus (abdominalis) refers to typhoid fever, not to typhus, which in German is called Fleckfieber or Flecktyphys.
A group of acute infectious and contagious diseases, caused by rickettsiae that are transmitted by arthropods, and occurring in two principal forms: epidemic typhus and endemic (murine) typhus; typical symptoms include: severe headache, shivering and chills, high fever, malaise, and rash. Also called jail, camp, or ship fever.
Synonym(s): camp fever (3) , jail fever, ship fever
[G. typhos, smoke, stupor]

jail fever

ep·i·dem·ic ty·phus

(ep'i-dem'ik tī'fŭs)
Disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii and spread by body lice; marked by high fever, mental and physical depression, and a macular and papular eruption; lasts about 2 weeks and occurs when large crowds are brought together and personal hygiene is poor; recrudescences can occur.
Synonym(s): jail fever.

Hildenbrand,

Johann Valentin Edler von, Austrian physician, 1763-1818.
Hildenbrand disease - disease caused by Rickettsia, transmitted by body lice. Synonym(s): camp fever; jail fever; ship fever