isoenzyme

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isoenzyme

 [i″so-en´zīm]
any of several forms of an enzyme that all catalyze the same reaction but may differ in reaction rate, inhibition by various substances, electrophoretic mobility, or immunologic properties. Several enzymes, particularly alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, and creatine kinase, have clinically important isoenzymes. Isoenzymes are separated by electrophoresis, and the pattern indicates which damaged organ has released the enzymes.

i·so·en·zyme

(ī'sō-en'zīm),
An enzyme (one of a group) that catalyze the same reaction but may be differentiated by variations in physical properties, such as isoelectric point, electrophoretic mobility, kinetic parameters, or modes of regulation, for example, lactate dehydrogenase, a tetramer composed of varying amounts of α and β subunits (that is, 4α, 3α + 1β, 2α + 2β, 1α + 3β, and 4β).
Synonym(s): isozyme

isoenzyme

/iso·en·zyme/ (-en´zīm) isozyme.

isoenzyme

(ī′sō-ĕn′zīm′)
n.
An isoform that is an enzyme.

i′so·en·zy′mic adj.

isoenzyme

[ī′sō·en′zīm]
Etymology: Gk, isos + en, in, syme, ferment
a chemically distinct form of an enzyme. The various forms are distinguishable in analysis of blood samples, which aids in the diagnosis of disease. Different enzymes that catalyze the same physiological reaction may also exist as isoenzymes in different animal species. Also called isozyme.

i·so·en·zyme

(ī'sō-en'zīm)
One of a group of enzymes that catalyze the same reaction but may be differentiated by variations in physical properties, such as isoelectric point, electrophoretic mobility, kinetic parameters, or modes of regulation.

isoenzyme (isozyme)

one of a number of ENZYMES that catalyse the same reaction, but are qualitatively different from each other, for example in PRIMARY STRUCTURE.

Isoenzyme

One of a group of enzymes that catalyze the same reaction but are differentiated by variations in physical properties.

isoenzyme

any of the several forms of an enzyme, all of which catalyze the same reaction, but which may differ in reaction rate, inhibition by various substances, electrophoretic mobility or immunological properties. Several enzymes, particularly alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase, have clinically important isoenzymes. Isoenzymes are separated by electrophoresis, and the pattern indicates which damaged organ has released the enzymes.