introjection

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introjection

 [in″tro-jek´shun]
an unconscious defense mechanism considered immature, in which loved or hated external objects are absorbed into the self as a means of diminishing anxiety by reducing the fear of loss (in the case of a loved object) or by internalizing the aggressive characteristic and putting it under control (in the case of a hated object).

in·tro·jec·tion

(in'trō-jek'shŭn),
A psychological defense mechanism involving appropriation of an external happening and its assimilation by the personality, making it a part of the self.
[intro- + L. jacto, to throw]

introjection

/in·tro·jec·tion/ (in″trah-jek´shun) a mental mechanism in which the standards and values of other persons or groups are unconsciously and symbolically taken within oneself.

introjection

(ĭn′trə-jĕk′shən)
n.
An unconscious defense mechanism in which one incorporates characteristics of another person or object into one's own psyche.

in′tro·ject′ v.

introjection

[-jek′shən]
Etymology: L, intro + jacere, to throw
an ego defense mechanism whereby an individual unconsciously incorporates into his own ego structure the qualities of another person, usually a significant other. It happens early in life and continues less intensely throughout.

in·tro·jec·tion

(in'trō-jek'shŭn)
A psychological defense mechanism involving appropriation of an external happening and its assimilation by the personality, making it a part of the self.
[intro- + L. jacto, to throw]
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References in periodicals archive ?
the manuscript here performs one of Scott's introjective rites,
The underlying assumption of this aspect of psychoanalytic theory is that you cannot "contain", in Bion's sense, the inevitable disturbances associated with an authority-cum-leadership role, unless you yourself have not only been "contained" in your own development, but also that you have identified with your "container" and by a process of introjective identification made the process a part of your inner life.
Given the totalizing and introjective power of apartheid, its social controls and binary emphases, is a postapartheid imagination even possible?
Abraham and Torok's idea that the literal ingestion of food can function as a figure of the introjective process specific to nonpathological mourning also seems highly pertinent since the transformation of loss into speech in Dinesen's story occurs following the consumption of a feast.
Donato develops his distinction between the concept as incorporation and the image as introjection from the work of Nicholas Abraham and Maria Torok, which is also a major influence on Kristeva's analysis of the introjective structure of melancholy in Black Sun.
Projective identification reappraised--Part I: Projective identification, introjective identification, the transference/countertransference neurosis/psychosis, and their consummate expression in the crucifixion, the Pieta, and 'therapeutic exorcism'.
In any human relationship there is permanent projective and introjective interplay.
Leo Bersani and Ulysse Dutoit have argued that sadism mirrors theories of benevolent sympathy to the extent that both sadism and sympathy depend on an introjective identification with the other: like sympathy, the libertine's cruelty is a means of internalizing the other's agitation in order to procure a masochistic pleasure (Forms of Violence 39).
Incorporation, according to Abraham and Torok, magically substituting the literal for the metaphoric, "swallows" the dead object rather than the fact of its death and thus prevents the harsh but necessary readjustment which an introjective response would have permitted.