intraaortic balloon pump

intraaortic balloon pump

an externally actuated and intermittently inflatable balloon placed into the descending aorta and that, on activation during diastole, augments blood pressure and organ perfusion by its pulsatile thrust; then, on deflation, decreases the cardiac work with each systole-the so-called counterpulsation principle-by reducing cardiac afterload. Compare: intraaortic balloon counterpulsation.

intraaortic balloon pump (IABP)

[in′trə·ā·ôr′tik]
Etymology: L, intra + aeirein, to rise
a counterpulsation device that provides temporary cardiac assist in the management of refractory left ventricular failure that may follow myocardial infarction or occur in preinfarction angina. The balloon is attached to a catheter inserted into the aorta and is automatically inflated during diastole and deflated during systole. Also called aortic balloon pump, intraaortic balloon counterpulsation. See also counterpulsation.
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Intraaortic balloon pump

in·tra·a·or·tic bal·loon pump

(in'tră-ā-ōr'tik bă-lūn' pŭmp)
An externally actuated and intermittently inflatable balloon placed into the descending aorta that, on activation during diastole, augments blood pressure and organ perfusion by its pulsatile thrust; then, on deflation, decreases the cardiac work with each systole-the so-called counterpulsation principle-by reducing cardiac afterload.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intraaortic balloon pump in open heart operations: 10-year follow-up with risk analysis.
He underwent a right heart catheterization, and an intraaortic balloon pump was placed.
An intraaortic balloon pump was inserted to optimise cardiac output, increase coronary blood flow and maximise myocardial and uterine perfusion.
Judy assisted in placing an intraaortic balloon pump (IABP), a procedure never previously performed in the OR.
Conditions included previous CABG, cardiac catheterization on same day as CABG or PCI, concurrent valve surgery, primary diagnosis of AMI and location of MI, PCI on the same day as CABG (CABG only), use of an intracoronary stent (PCI only), use of a mechanical ventilator on the day of admission, and use of intraaortic balloon pump on the day of admission.
The patient scores 2 points if any of the following three features occurs: a baseline creatinine clearance rate of less than 60 mL/min, use of an intraaortic balloon pump during the coronary procedure, and an urgent or emergency coronary procedure.
He was intubated and admitted to the coronary care unit for hemodynamic support including intraaortic balloon pump.
Impact of thrombolysis, intraaortic balloon pump counterpulsation, and their combination in cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarc-tion: a report from the SHOCK Trial Registry.
After implantation of an intraaortic balloon pump, weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass was successful with moderate inotropic support.
Efficiency of a new intra aortic propeller pump vs the intraaortic balloon pump (an animal study).
In vivo evaluation of tissue microflow under combined therapy with extracorporeal life support and intraaortic balloon pump.