interstitial lung disease


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Related to interstitial lung disease: interstitial cystitis

interstitial lung disease (ILD)

a respiratory disorder characterized by a dry, unproductive cough and dyspnea on exertion. The patient may have swallowing disorders or joint and muscle pain and a history of industrial exposure to inorganic dusts, such as asbestos or silica. X-ray films usually show fibrotic infiltrates in the lung tissue, usually in the lower lobes. The fibrosing or scarring of lung tissue is often the result of an immune reaction to an inhaled substance. However, interstitial lung disease may result from viral, bacterial, or other infections; uremic pneumonitis; cancer; a congenital or inherited disorder; or circulatory impairment. The condition may be self-limiting, progress to respiratory or cardiac failure, or undergo spontaneous recovery.

interstitial lung disease

Diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis Pulmonology A group of disorders characterized by scarring of deep lung tissue, leading to SOB and loss of functional alveoli, limiting O2 exchange; ILD is more common in smokers Etiology Inorganic and organic dusts, gases, fumes, vapors, medications, radiation, and certain lung infections, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, coal worker's pneumoconiosis, silicosis, byssinosis, idiopathic

Interstitial lung disease

About 180 diseases fall into this category of breathing disorders. Injury or foreign substances in the lungs (such as asbestos fibers) as well as infections, cancers, or inherited disorders may cause the diseases. They can lead to breathing or heart failure.
Mentioned in: Chest X Ray
References in periodicals archive ?
T Task force on chronic interstitial lung disease in immunocompetent children.
Interstitial lung disease with moderate to severe pulmonary artery hypertension leads to poor prognosis.
Cholesterol oxidase activity, increased glycolysis related NADPH oxidase activity, bacterial porphyrin induced redox stress and mitochondrial dysfunction generates free radicals important in the pathogenesis of interstitial lung disease, chronic bronchitis emphysema and bronchial asthma.
Roche will hold certain rights for lebrikizumab, including exclusive rights to develop and promote lebrikizumab for interstitial lung diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
The findings prompted a more thorough history taking on exposure to causative agents of interstitial lung disease.
There are 28 chapters treating the recognition of, inter alia, normal anatomy, airspace versus interstitial lung disease, opacified hemithorax, atelectasis, pleural effusion, bone density, fractures, intracranial pathology, pediatric diseases.
However, there is very little public knowledge in regards to interstitial lung disease, and very little written educational support material, although local groups are trying to address this by sharing information that they provide to patients.
Idiopathic Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis interstitial pneumonia (IPF) (IIP) Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) Cryptogenic organising pneumonia (COP) Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) Lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia (LIP) Respiratory bronchiolitis interstitial lung disease (RBILD)
Key Words: Interstitial lung disease, High resolution Computed Topographic Scan.

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