There is low signal intensity tissue adjacent to the right IM vessels which in retrospect would be in keeping with silicone within an internal mammary node (yellow arrow).
There were several enlarged internal mammary nodes bilaterally containing silicone (Figures 1(f) and 1(g)) and level I through III (right) and level I (left) axillary nodes containing silicone (Figure 1(h)).
The incidence of internal mammary node
(IMN) involvement varies between 3% and 65%, depending on the tumour stage and location of die primary tumour in the breast.
Veronesi also is a champion of sentinel internal mammary node
Veronesi is also a champion of sentinel internal mammary node biopsy.
The sentinel internal mammary node is easily removed in a few minutes through the same incision used to take out the primary tumor, with no adverse cosmetic consequences, he added.
Any internal mammary node
that is the only site of lymphatic drainage forces a decision about whether to pursue it surgically, with the morbidity that is related to potential pneumothorax.
17) The path of spread of the disease from lungs to breast tissue was traced via tracheobronchial, paratracheal, mediastinal lymph trunk and internal mammary nodes
It has spread to between one and nine lymph nodes under the arm or to internal mammary nodes
Internal mammary nodes
are commonly treated, but axillary treatment is usually avoided because of the risk of brachial plexopathy.
However, those with severe T4 tumours, inflammatory breast cancers or suspicious internal mammary nodes
, and a history of heart disease or cardiac problems will not qualify for treatment.