A UK term for a focused interest and expertise in a medically qualified doctor in addition to his or her specialty, as would be an anaesthetist with a special interest in pulmonary hypertension. Special interests may be developed by the doctor even in absence of a recognised sub-specialty.
We then continue with an empirical examination of data on government spending and interest group activity to see if the nature of the causality can be identified empirically employing Granger Causality tests.
Interest groups have, however, played a significant role in monitoring these nominations and, as one study has documented, served as a fire alarm for Congress for particularly controversial (from the viewpoint of that interest group) nominations.
Even when Truman's theory is not overtly misapplied, the use of his concept of latent interest groups means that one can never be quite sure what is meant when the topic is the development of the interest group system - i.
From its publications, such as Facts and Myths, and Near East Report, which are regularly fed to influential policy-makers, to its mobilization of the Jewish American voter at election time, to its saturation campaigns targeting legislators via letter, telephone and fax machine, AIPAC stands out among the rest of the lobbies as the most effective special interest groups around.
The nations are not alone; important interest groups are attending the meeting as well, and they will attempt to influence political leaders and public opinion in order to ensure that any final treaty is beneficial--or at least not harmful--to their long-term goals.
VRG Nutrition Advisor Suzanne Havala Hobbs, DrPH, RD, joined Margo Wooten, DSc, of the Center for Science in the Public Interest in presenting a session titled "The Impact of Interest Groups on Federal Food and Nutrition Policy Throughout the Lifecycle" at the annual meeting of the American Dietetic Association in Philadelphia.