instrumental activities of daily living


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instrumental activities of daily living (IADL)

[in′strəmen′təl]
the activities often performed by a person who is living independently in a community setting during the course of a normal day, such as managing money, shopping, telephone use, travel in community, housekeeping, preparing meals, and taking medications correctly. Increasing inability to perform IADLs may result in the need for care facility placement. Compare activities of daily living.

instrumental activities of daily living

A series of life functions necessary for maintaining a person's immediate environment–eg, obtaining food, cooking, laundering, housecleaning, managing one's medications, phone use; IADL measures a person's–elderly, mentally handicapped or terminally ill ability to live independently. See Dependency.

in·stru·men·tal ac·tiv·i·ties of dai·ly liv·ing

(IADL) (in'strŭ-men'tăl ak-tiv'i-tēz dā'lē liv'ing)
Activities oriented to interactions with the environment, more complex than activities of daily living (ADL); usually optional or can be delegated (e.g., care of pets, financial management, meal preparation, clean up and shopping).
Synonym(s): personal activities of daily living.

instrumental activities of daily living

Abbreviation: IADL
Those activities and tasks beyond basic self-care that are necessary for living independently. These activities include communication, mobility, cooking, using the telephone, cleaning the house, doing laundry, shopping, going to the bank, and managing medications.
Synonym: extended activities of daily living See: activities of daily living; self-care
References in periodicals archive ?
Functional dependence in carrying out the basic and instrumental activities of daily living was observed among the elderly people.
Prediction of incident dementia: Impact of impairment in instrumental activities of daily living and mild cognitive impairment-results from the German study on ageing, cognition, and dementia in primary care patients.
Respondents were assed using the seven activities of the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Scale mainly telephone use, housework, medication, travelling, shopping, financial and preparing meals.
In considering the resilience factors, control was significantly and negatively related to self-rated physical health and limitations in instrumental activities of daily living.
These researchers examined whether speed of processing training enhanced the participants' cognitive abilities and whether such improvements in speed of processing also transferred to a laboratory measure of everyday functioning called the Timed Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (TIADL) Test.
5 times as likely to remain free of disability involving instrumental activities of daily living or mobility.
Cognitive and neuro-imaging predictors of instrumental activities of daily living.
A group of North American contributors working in psychiatry, psychology, gerontology, neurology, occupational therapy, and sports medicine discuss examining real-world functioning from the perspectives of neuropsychology, human factors, and occupational therapy, including cross-cultural issues; the application of traditional neuropsychological tests; innovative performance-based test instruments and batteries that emphasize ecological validity; and approaches to evaluating the instrumental activities of daily living, vocational functioning, medication management, and automobile driving.
Cognitive and neuroimaging predictors of instrumental activities of daily living.
Research in the field of aging, for example, has a history of referencing specific tasks that exist within domains referred to as activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living (Granger, Mann, Ottenbacher, Tomita, & Fiedler, 1994; Katz, 1983; Lawton & Brody, 1969).
BEST TOOL: The Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (IADL) is ah appropriate instrument to assess independent living skills (Lawton & Brody, 1969).
Three outcomes were studied: 1) Disability in activities of daily living (ADLs) such as bathing, dressing, or eating; 2) disability in instrumental activities of daily living (lADLs) such as preparing meals or doing light housework; and 3) mobility function.

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