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pertaining to societies or other groups of people.
social anxiety disorder social phobia.
social breakdown syndrome deterioration of social and interpersonal skills, work habits, and behavior seen in chronically hospitalized psychiatric patients. Symptoms are due to the effects of long term hospitalization rather than the primary illness, and include excessive passivity, assumption of the chronic sick role, withdrawal, and apathy. Such effects are also seen in long term inmates of prisons or concentration camps. Called also institutionalism.
social worker a professional trained in the treatment of psychosocial problems of patients and their families. Family social workers practice social case work. Psychiatric social workers practice various forms of counseling and group or individual psychotherapy. Most social workers have a master's degree in social work (M.S.W.). There are also bachelor's (B.S.W.) and doctoral (D.S.W.) degrees in social work.


Maladaptation pattern seen in the mentally ill and others confined to group homes that renders it problematic for them to function outside such a setting.
References in periodicals archive ?
Associating a path-dependent approach, historical institutionalism usually regards governments as "agenda-setters" (Benz, 2004: 877) while parliaments were theorised as "gate-keepers" for the policies having a supranational source by casting their veto right (Raunio, 2011: 303-321).
Without democratic institutionalism, democracy is an illusion or a short-lived phenomenon.
To a certain degree, the tension between these two perspectives reflects the new institutionalism trend in political science (March and Olsen 1989; Peters 1999).
In the logic of discursive institutionalism, official communications must be considered as they articulate the ideas held by the leaders of an organization.
By using the term "new institutionalism" March and Olsen signal that they connect the "old" institutionalism of political science with political theory.
Thelen, "Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Politics," Annual Review of Political Science 2 (1999): 369-404.
Historical institutionalism is predominantly situated at the national level, asking questions about the linkages between historical forces and national systems of innovation, training, and social welfare, often leading to comparative analyses.
In the case of the cross-border conflict imagined above, postmodernism would find that realism, institutionalism, and constructivism might each explain different realms of dynamics behind the facts, and it was only with the particular circumstances and accumulation of such dynamics that leads to the tipping point.
They led the field to pay much more attention to the personal and the informal than it otherwise would have, especially once the new institutionalism hit with full force in the larger discipline; new editions of the book, expanded and updated (the latest appearing in 1990), did nothing to change that, sticking to the same basic themes and arguments as the original.
Institutional processes are also focused on in the second article, Organizational Institutionalism in the Academic Field in Brazil: Social Dynamics and Networks, where Edson Ronaldo Guarido Filho, Clovis L.
Since the 1980s, historical institutionalism has emerged as one of the most prominent approaches to understanding policy development in advanced industrial societies (e.