insecticide resistance


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insecticide resistance

the ability of a member of an insect population to withstand the toxic effects of an insecticide to the point that it now resists control with that chemical. The genes controlling resistance are thought to be present in low frequencies within a generally susceptible population before application of the chemical. After treatment, susceptible members of the population are removed and the survivors thrive, becoming common in the population which is then described as ‘resistant’.

insecticide

an agent that kills insects. May be applied by pour-on technique, dipping, spraydip, jetting, dusting powders. Insecticides come in a wide variety of chemical compounds. See also pyrethroids, rotenone, derris, chlorinated hydrocarbons, organophosphorus compound, arsenical, carbamates, triazines. The toxicity of an insecticidal preparation may be greatly altered by the agents used as emulsifiers and solvents. Called also pesticide.

insecticide resistance
insects exposed to one insecticide for long periods may develop a resistance to it and suffer no ill-effects when it is applied.
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It is called the Innovative Vector Control Consortium, or IVCC, and some experts say it is the world's best chance at a chemical solution to insecticide resistance.
sinensis populations, the results showed multiple resistances to chemical insecticides, mainly long-term rotational use of various insecticides has to evolved a high insecticide resistance, being metabolic detoxification was the dominant mechanism of resistance.
Enhanced GST activity has also been shown to be associated with insecticide resistance in Leptinotarsa decemlineata and T.
19, 28) Collaboration among sand fly researchers is necessary to coordinate efforts to develop standards for insecticide resistance monitoring in sand flies.
Insecticide resistance in Aedes aegypti populations form Ceara, Brasil.
With context to integrated pest management grasping the information of insecticide resistance in mosquitoes play an important role in resumption of malaria and several other mosquito borne diseases.
To overcome this, concern and for better insecticide resistance management strategies, there is a need for regular monitoring of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors.
Evaluation of insecticide resistance in two strains of fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Tephritidae: Diptra) with fruit dip method.
Monitoring of Insecticide Resistance of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) Colonies-Collected from California.
2] However, the increasing incidence of insecticide resistance in target vector populations can, and in several cases already has, undermined the effectiveness of IRS and LLINs.