innate immune system


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innate immune system

n.
The component of the immune system in animals that is genetically determined and is nonspecific, as distinguished from the adaptive immune system. Elements of the system include mucous secretions, complement proteins, and certain white blood cells, especially neutrophils, macrophages, and dendritic cells.
References in periodicals archive ?
The innate immune system is responsible for providing a host with immediate protection from infection and the first line of signaling contributing to the activation of the adaptive immune system.
That synthetic lipoprotein, a substance consisting of a fat and a protein, has shown promise in activating the innate immune system.
Genes over-expressed in the RPE-choroid - a tissue complex located beneath the retina - included components of inflammatory responses, while in the retina, the researchers found genes involved in wound healing and the complement cascade, a part of the innate immune system.
In response, the cellular innate immune system detects viral RNA and triggers powerful anti-viral countermeasures.
Using molecules of the innate immune system from animals with the strongest innate immune systems to fight these superbugs have so far been impractical.
The innate immune system is our first line of defense," said Tan.
The product is a new Toll-like Receptor 8 agonist that directly activates multiple components of the innate immune system, which includes human myeloid dendritic cells, monocytes and natural killer cells.
However, some researchers believe that HIV causes the innate immune system to overreact and that this weakens the immune system's next line of defence, known as the adaptive immune response.
Biothera is a biotechnology company developing pharmaceuticals and functional food ingredients based on a unique technology that engages and directs the innate immune system.
In this study, we set out to understand what role the innate immune system plays in this fever response, the dominate symptom found in malaria patients," said Katherine A.
The innate immune system forms an initial line of defense against diverse invading foreign pathogens and damaged or infected host cells.
The company's primary focus is developing pharmaceuticals that engage the innate immune system to fight cancer.