inhalation anthrax


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inhalation anthrax

See anthrax.

inhalation anthrax

Pulmonary anthrax, woolsorter's disease Pulmonology Occupational anthrax caused by inhalation of Brucella anthracis spores, affecting those exposed to aerosols during early processing of goat or other infected animal hair Clinical Biphasic, early Sx are influenza-like, lasting
2-3 days, followed by presumed resolution, then severe respiratory distress, hypoxia, dyspnea, mediastinal LN involvement, subcutaneous edema of upper body, meningeal signs, shock, death in 24 hrs Mortality High Treatment Penicillin
References in periodicals archive ?
Chronic pulmonary disease or immunosuppression may increase a person's susceptibility to inhalation anthrax (9,15).
Whereas oral minimum ID50 dose estimates in humans or animal models range up to 1011 spores, the infectious dose by any route at which a small proportion of the population will be infected is much lower; for inhalation anthrax the ID2 might be as low as nine to 2,300 spores (8,9).
In an inhalation anthrax attack, people may not know they are infected with anthrax until the toxins already are circulating in their blood, and it may be too late for antibiotics alone to be effective.
The Postal Service's decision to wait to close the Brentwood facility and refer employees for medical treatment until CDC confirmed that a postal employee had contracted inhalation anthrax was consistent with the advice the Postal Service received from public health advisers and the information about health risk available at the time.
Case-fatality rates for inhalation anthrax are high, even with appropriate antibiotics and supportive care.
Originally approved for a six-shot, eighteen-month protocol, the vaccine is intended to treat cutaneous (through the skin) anthrax, but has never been tested for inhalation anthrax, which is the most deadly form and the most likely to occur in a combat situation.
Initial symptoms of inhalation anthrax may resemble the common cold," Kelsey said.
For years afterwards, "Meselson said what had caused the outbreak was still unclear" even after a pathologist on his own investigation team had documented from autopsy slides that victims of the Sverdlovsk outbreak had died from inhalation anthrax and not by consuming tainted meat.
Two patients diagnosed with inhalation anthrax, once thought to be practically 100 percent fatal, walked out of the hospital.
Even one of the two postal workers who died of inhalation anthrax following the Sept.
Anthrax] used to be 89% fatal, and now we've had two people who developed inhalation anthrax and survived," Bell says.