increased intracranial pressure


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increased intracranial pressure

Intracranial hypertension, see there.

increased intracranial pressure

An elevation of the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid. In healthy people intracranial pressures range between 0 and 10 mm Hg. Pressures higher than 20 mm Hg increase the risk of compression or herniation of the brain or brainstem.
See also: pressure
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, in that early series, all patients with low intracranial pressure (<20 mm Hg) survived, and nearly all those with increased intracranial pressure died.
1,2,6,7) In our case, the patient was treated for increased intracranial pressure and given anticoagulant therapy.
Cushing's triad [elevated systolic blood pressure with widening pulse pressure, bradycardia, altered respiratory rate and rhythm] represents late signs of increased intracranial pressure and may suggest imminent brain herniation requiring immediate intervention [Fodstad, Kelly, & Buchfelder, 2006; Project TOUCH, 2001]).
Consequently, in the IJV, the Trendelenburg position is more effective in increasing the CSA than passive leg elevation alone and there is no reason to recommend passive leg elevation alone for routine cannulation into the UV However, passive leg elevation can be an alternative to the Trendelenburg position when the Trendelenburg position is contraindicated, such as the increased intracranial pressure or when a tilt table is unavailable.
In extreme cases, this craniofacial disorder constricts the brain's ability to expand normally within the skull, resulting in increased intracranial pressure, brain damage and/or loss of sight.
Brain swelling apparently results from a failure of autoregulation of cerebral circulation that causes vascular congestion and increased intracranial pressure, which may be difficult or impossible to control (7).
Headache has lateralising value, especially in patients with supratentorial lesions who have no obvious increased intracranial pressure (Suwanwela et al [5]).
Because it does not affect the mean arterial pressure and decreases intracranial pressure without lowering cerebral perfusion pressure, it is especially useful in hemodynamically instable patients with increased intracranial pressure.
He became comatose, with clinical findings associated with increased intracranial pressure (ICP).
The syndrome of increased intracranial pressure without hydrocephalus or a mass lesion and with normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings, previously referred to as pseudotumourcerebri (PTC) or benign intracranial hypertension, is a diagnosis of exclusion now termed idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).
A major goal in the care of patients with neurological problems is to prevent or minimize episodes of increased intracranial pressure (ICP).

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