prison population has seen a 700% increase since 1970, with the total cost of incarceration
exceeding one trillion dollars.
Now, authors Sara Wakefield and Christopher Wildeman take a closer look at what was happening during the "prison boom"--specifically, they ask what happened to children when the incarceration
rate grew six-fold.
is defined by historically extreme rates of imprisonment and by the concentration of incarceration
among the most marginalized (Garland, 2001).
It holds that the War on Drugs is virtually the sole culprit--that incarceration
rose merely because America decided to start imprisoning nonviolent, low-level drug offenders for absurd amounts of time.
Study authors said the findings suggest an "urgent need" for pediatricians to increase efforts that prevent youth incarceration
and mitigate the ensuing health effects of incarceration
Our unjustified incarceration
rates should be of urgent concern to anyone interested in narrowing the educational achievement gap-the persistently lower academic and behavioral performance of black pupils than white pupils, even when their demographic characteristics seem to be similar.
Part of the problem is that mass incarceration
has been defined in large part in quantitative and demographic terms, rather than in qualitative terms.
The drug war is the advance guard for the mass incarceration
movement, spreading itself across all forms of criminal involvement, increasing both the rate of imprisonment and the length of imprisonment following criminal conviction.
While the rest of the nation is talking about reducing incarceration
and its enormous social and economic costs, California is yet again pouring hundreds of millions of dollars into building new jails, reinforcing the state's reliance on imprisonment for decades to come," Lizzie Buchen, advocacy co-coordinator for Californians United for a Responsible Budget, said according to TeleSUR.
Critique: Exceptionally well researched, written, organized and presented, "Understanding Mass Incarceration
: A People's Guide to the Key Civil Rights Struggle of Our Time" is especially commended to the attention of the non-specialist general reader with an interest in the current national controversy over America's criminal imprisonment policies that have resulted in the incarceration
of more than two and a half million Americans.
Raphael highlights some startling statistics to describe the scope and severity of the problem of incarceration
and reentry into society.
experienced parental incarceration
is much larger--especially since the