impetigo contagiosa


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Related to impetigo contagiosa: bullous impetigo

im·pe·ti·go

(im'pe-tī'gō), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation infantigo.
A contagious superficial pyoderma, caused by Staphylococcus aureus and/or group A streptococci, which begins with a superficial flaccid vesicle that ruptures and forms a yellowish crust; most commonly occurs in children.
[L. a scabby eruption, fr. im-peto (inp-), to rush on, attack]

impetigo contagiosa

Etymology: L, impetus, attack; contingere, to touch
an acute contagious superficial infection of the skin. It is characterized by vesicles that rupture, leaving a purulent exudate that dries into golden crusts.
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Impetigo contagiosa

im·pe·ti·go

(impĕ-tīgō)
A contagious superficial pyoderma, caused by Staphylococcus aureus or group A streptococci that begins with a superficial flaccid vesicle that ruptures to form a thick yellowish crust, most commonly occurring on the faces of children.
Synonym(s): impetigo contagiosa, impetigo vulgaris.
[L. a scabby eruption, fr. im-peto (inp-), to rush on, attack]

impetigo

, impetigo contagiosa (im?pe-te'go, -ti'go ) [L. impetigo, scabby eruption on the skin]
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IMPETIGO
A bacterial infection of the skin, caused by streptococci or staphylococci and marked by yellow to red, weeping and crusted or pustular lesions, esp. around the nose, mouth, and cheeks or on the extremities. Associated symptoms include itching, burning, and regional lymphadenopathy; glomerulonephritis is a rare but serious complication. The disease is common in children and adults and may develop after trauma or irritation to the skin. illustration; impetiginous (-tij'i-nus), adjective

Treatment

The infection is highly contagious and spreads easily among infants, children, and the elderly, with outbreaks related to such predisposing factors as poor hygiene, crowded and unclean living conditions, warm climate, malnutrition, and anemia. Topically applied mupirocin ointment, related drugs, or oral agents effective against staphylococcus and streptococcus are used to treat the infection. Mupirocin also eliminates nasal carriage of the offending organisms.

Patient care

The appearance, location, and distribution of lesions are documented, along with any associated symptoms (pruritus, pain). Family members are taught to keep the skin clean and dry, removing exudate 2 to 3 times daily by washing the lesions with soap and water; warm saline soaks or compresses may be applied to remove stubborn crusts. Patients and families are taught the importance of not sharing washcloths, towels, or bed linens; the need for thorough handwashing and frequent bathing with a bactericidal soap; and the urgency for early treatment of any purulent eruption to limit spread to others.

Prescribed treatment must be continued for 7 to 10 days even if lesions have healed. Nonprescription antihistamines may be used to reduce itching. The fingernails should be cut and, if necessary, mittens applied to prevent further in-jury if the patient is unable to avoid scratching. Diversional activities appropriate to the patient's developmental stage are encouraged to distract from local discomforts. Black patients may develop deeper inflammation than whites and should be informed that this may result in hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation changes after the inflammation has subsided. The school nurse or employer is notified of the infection, and family members are checked for evidence of impetigo. The patient can return to school or work when all lesions have healed.

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BULLOUS IMPETIGO

bullous impetigo

A rare infection, usually occurring in infants, caused by a strain of Staphylococcus aureus that produces a toxin that splits the epidermis.
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impetigo herpetiformis

A rare and occasionally life-threatening eruption that typically occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy. It is pathologically indistinguishable from pustular psoriasis. Synonym: Hebra disesae.

impetigo

usually a staphylococcal skin infection marked by vesicles or bullae that become pustular, rupture, and form yellow crusts. In animals a superficial infection of the face of newborn piglets, the abdominal skin of puppies, and one of the teats of cows, go under the name of impetigo. See also udder impetigo, contagious porcine pyoderma.

impetigo contagiosa
see exudative epidermitis.