They commonly present after a stroke or traumatic brain injury, and should be differentiated from depression, hypokinetic
delirium, and stuporous catatonia.
The left ventricle was widely hypokinetic
, and a light ST increase was observed.
Due to lesions in the basal ganglia, individuals with PD may experience hypokinetic
dysarthria, a term that describes a group of speech characteristics pertaining to phonation and respiration; articulation; prosody; and resonance (Pinto et al.
There was a pre-existing hypokinetic
area in the inferolateral segments known from earlier echocardiography 10 years previously after the coronary bypass operation.
According to this model, the pathophysiological hallmark of PD hypokinetic
signs is the prevalence of the indirect pathway over the direct one resulting in increased neuronal firing activity in the output nuclei of the BG and leading to excessive inhibition of thalamocortical and brainstem motor systems, interfering with normal speed of movement onset and execution (Figure 1) [14-16].
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging performed 2 weeks later showed a diffuse widening and hypokinetic
interventricular septum with a low signal fusiform neocavitation (hematoma) delimited by an enhanced-signal ring after administration of gadolinium due to myocardial fibrosis (Figures 7(a) and 7(b)).
Anterior wall and septum were severely hypokinetic
The principle of the test is that an ischemic myocardial wall becomes hypokinetic
Clinical features are completed by: hypomimia or immobile facial "mask" with rare blinking, without eye or facial movements; hypokinetic
or hypophonic dysarthria; dysphagia; small writing (micrographic); reduction of respiratory movement amplitudes; sometimes sharp and medication psychiatric disorders (depression, cognitive disorders, episodes of agitation, sleep disorders, confusion), constipation, sexual deficit, diffuse pains in lower limb, paresthesia, fatigue; (Marcu, 2006)
What justifies the realization of this work is the fact that it is shrinking the number of children practicing physical activity, and as a consequence, lead to the acquisition of propensity hypokinetic
diseases and more likely to motor disability.
The echocardiography findings include normal heart dimension, hypokinetic
posterior wall with delayed relaxation, diastolic dysfunction, interventricular septum = 11 mm, left ventricular posterior wall = 11 mm, ejection fraction = 55% and fractional shortening = 28%.
To summarize, hypotonia is generally associated with flaccid dysarthria and damage to the LMN pathway, whereas hypertonia occurs with spastic, hypokinetic
(when consistent), and hyperkinetic (when fluctuating) disorders, and is associated with damage to the indirect UMN pathway and/or the basal ganglia control circuit [3,12-13].