hypokalaemia

(redirected from hypokalaemic)

hy·po·ka·le·mi·a

(hī'pō-kă-lē'mē-ă)
The presence of an abnormally small concentration of potassium ions in the circulating blood; occurs in familial periodic paralysis and in potassium depletion due to excessive loss from the gastrointestinal tract or kidneys. The changes of hypokalemia may include vacuolation of renal tubular epithelial cytoplasm with impairment of urinary concentrating power and acidification, flattening of the T wave of the electrocardiogram, and muscle weakness.
Synonym(s): hypopotassemia, hypokalaemia.
[hypo- + G. kalion, L. kalium, potassium, + G. haima, blood]

hypokalaemia

Abnormally low levels of potassium in the blood. This is usually due to excessive loss in the urine or from the bowel. Hypokalaemia causes muscle weakness, paralysis, heart irregularities, mental confusion and disorientation, and cardiac arrest.

hypokalaemia

abnormally low blood levels of potassium (i.e. <3.5 mmol/L)

hy·po·ka·le·mi·a

(hī'pō-kă-lē'mē-ă)
Presence of an abnormally low concentration of potassium ions in the circulating blood.
Synonym(s): hypokalaemia.
[hypo- + G. kalion, L. kalium, potassium, + G. haima, blood]
References in periodicals archive ?
Thyrotoxic Hypokalaemic Periodic Paralysis (TPP) in Turkey: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature-Review.
Thyrotoxic hypokalaemic periodic paralysis in a Turkish population: three new case reports and analysis of the case series.
Potential mechanisms of rhabdomyolysis in hypokalaemic states are microvascular ischaemia and glycogen deficiency which may act alone or together.
Only 2 patients out of 12 who had a blood glucose measurement were hypoglycaemic; 6 children were hyponatraemic, 4 hypernatraemic, and 4 hypokalaemic.
Frequency of hypomagnesaemia in hypokalaemic states.
Frequency of hypomagnesaemia in hospitalized diabetic hypokalaemic patients.
Hypokalaemic paralysis revealing Sjogren's syndrome in an elderly man.
50 mmol/l) with a 20 mmol dose was observed by Hamill et al in their prospective trial of a variable dose infusion protocol safely administered to 48 hypokalaemic patients (9).