hypoglossal


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Related to hypoglossal: glossopharyngeal, hypoglossal canal

hypoglossal

 [hi″po-glos´al]
hypoglossal nerve the twelfth cranial nerve; its modality is purely motor, serving the intrinsic muscles of the tongue and other muscles beneath the tongue. See Appendix 3-5.

hy·po·glos·sal

(hī'pō-glos'ăl), Do not confuse this word with hyoglossal.
1. Below the tongue.
2. Relating to the twelfth cranial nerve (nervus hypoglossus).
Synonym(s): hypoglossus
[L. hypoglossus fr. hypo- + glossus, tongue]

hypoglossal

/hy·po·glos·sal/ (hi´po-glos´al) sublingual.

hypoglossal

(hī′pə-glŏs′əl)
adj.
1. Of or relating to the area under the tongue.
2. Of or relating to the hypoglossal nerve.

hypoglossal

[-glos′əl]
Etymology: Gk, hypo, under, glossa, tongue
pertaining to nerves or other structures under the tongue.

hy·po·glos·sal

(hī'pō-glos'ăl)
1. Below the tongue.
2. Relating to the twelfth cranial nerve, nervus hypoglossus.
[L. hypoglossus fr. hypo- + glossus, tongue]

hy·po·glos·sal

(hī'pō-glos'ăl) Do not confuse this word with hyoglossal.
1. Below the tongue.
2. Relating to the twelfth cranial nerve (nervus hypoglossus).
[L. hypoglossus fr. hypo- + glossus, tongue]

hypoglossal

situated beneath the tongue, as the hypoglossal nerve.

hypoglossal cord
the large aggregation of myogenic cells which migrates from somites 3-5 to a location ventral to the pharynx, and forms the tongue.
hypoglossal nerve paralysis
causes difficulty in prehension, deglutition and mastication. Unilateral lesions cause deviation of the protruded tongue toward the side of the lesion.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypoglossal schwannoma-successful reinnervation and functional recovery of the tongue following tumour removal and nerve grafting.
The most common cause is a tumor in the innervation path of the hypoglossal nerve, followed by trauma.
Treating obstructive sleep apnea with hypoglossal nerve stimulation.
In performing surgery, we considered decompression of the brainstem, jugular foramen, and hypoglossal canal, which is achieved by the removal of the dislocated fragments associated with C1 dislocation and OCFs.
The midline suboccipital subtonsilar approach to the hypoglossal canal: surgical anatomy and clinical application.
Similarly, injury to the brainstem, upper cervical spinal cord, vertebrobasilar system, eustachian tubes, and hypoglossal nerves may be avoided by accurate determination of the lateral and posterior extent of resection and identification of these critical landmarks.
The rate of postoperative hypoglossal nerve palsy was 1% in this study.
The condylar veins can be used as access routes to hypoglossal dural arteriovenous fistulas.
A few months back, the United States Food and Drug Administration granted premarket approval for an upper airway stimulation system that senses respiration, and delivers mild electrical stimulation to the hypoglossal nerve in order to increase muscle tone at the back of the tongue so it will not collapse and obstruct the airway.
Hypoglossal nerve monitoring, a potential application of intraoperative nerve monitoring in head and neck surgery.
An implantable device that stimulates the hypoglossal nerve during inspiration has been approved for a subgroup of adults with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea, the Food and Drug Administration has announced.