hypertelorism


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Related to hypertelorism: telecanthus

hypertelorism

 [hi″per-te´lo-rizm]
abnormally increased distance between two organs or parts.
ocular hypertelorism (orbital hypertelorism) increase in the interocular distance, often associated with cleidocranial or craniofacial dysostosis and sometimes with mental deficiency.

hy·per·tel·or·ism

(hī'pĕr-tel'ōr-izm), [MIM*145400]
Abnormal distance between two paired organs.
[hyper- + G. tēle, far off, + horizō, to separate, fr. horos, a boundary]

hypertelorism

/hy·per·telo·rism/ (-te´lor-izm) abnormally increased distance between two organs or parts.
ocular hypertelorism , orbital hypertelorism increase in the interorbital distance, often associated with cleidocranial or craniofacial dysostosis and sometimes with mental deficiency.

hypertelorism

(hī′pə-tĕl′ə-rĭz′əm)
n.
Abnormal distance between two paired organs, especially the eyes.

hypertelorism

[hī′pərtel′əriz′əm]
Etymology: Gk, hyper + tele, far, horizo, separate
a developmental defect characterized by an abnormally wide space between two organs or parts. A kind of hypertelorism is ocular hypertelorism. Compare hypotelorism.

hypertelorism

↑ separation of paired tissues–eg, breasts, eyes Breast Rare–seen in Turner syndrome Ocular A craniofacial defect seen in congenital syndromes–eg, Apert syndrome/acrocephalosyndactyly; Crouzon's disease/craniofacial dysostosis; Opitz' syndrome/hypertelorism-hypospadia/BBB syndrome; Taybi syndrome/otopalatodigital syndrome.

hy·per·tel·or·ism

(hī'pĕr-tel'ŏr-izm)
Abnormal distance between two paired organs.
[hyper- + G. tēle, far off, + horizō, to separate, fr. horos, a boundary]

hypertelorism

An abnormal increase in the distance between bodily parts, usually referring to an abnormal separation of the eye sockets (orbits) due to a much widened and enlarged SPHENOID bone. Such hypertelorism is a congenital condition and is sometimes associated with other developmental abnormalities and with mental retardation.

hy·per·tel·or·ism

(hī'pĕr-tel'ŏr-izm) [MIM*145400]
Abnormal distance between two paired organs.
[hyper- + G. tēle, far off, + horizō, to separate, fr. horos, a boundary]

hypertelorism (hī´purtel´ərizəm),

n an excessive distance between paired organs. See also syndrome, Greig's.

hypertelorism

abnormally increased distance between two organs or parts.

ocular hypertelorism, orbital hypertelorism
increase in the interocular distance.
References in periodicals archive ?
The primary findings include hypertelorism, macrocephaly with frontal bossing, and polysyndactyly.
Typical reported features include hypertelorism, broad nasal bridge, epicanthal folds, fifth finger clinodactyly, urogenital anomalies, hypotonia, scoliosis, seizures, and/or abnormalities on electroencephalogram.
She had a number of classical features of the syndrome including hypertelorism, ptosis, mandibular hypoplasia and microstomia with limited mouth opening.
The distinctive facial appearance of patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome is characterised by hypertelorism, saddle nose, excessive periorbital tissue, thick lips, full open mouth, stellate iris pattern and dental abnormalities (Figs 5 a-c).
In 1976, a group of scientists reported certain characteristics of patients having cardiac abnormalities such as peculiar faces including hypertelorism, short palpebral fissures, broad root of the nose, abnormal ears and nasal voice with or without velopharyngeal deficiency (12).
Warfarin treatment during pregnancy is so notorious that textbooks describe a "coumadin embryopathy" that features nasal hypoplasia, hypertelorism, bradydactly, and other malformations.
SensAble Technologies, a leader in 3D modeling solutions and haptic devices, announced that its customer, MedCAD, a digital medical modeling service bureau in Dallas TX, helped doctors at the LEAP Foundation of Dallas rehearse a complex facial reconstruction surgery virtually, on a common laptop,, for a 5-year old boy with hypertelorism, a congenital misalignment of the face involving a cleft nose, skull and palate.
Examination revealed a tall man with a normal blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate and temperature, but with orbital hypertelorism, a prognathic jaw, an eunichoid stature and long arms.
Other features include hypertelorism, translucent skin and veins, arterial tortuosity, and aneurysms.
Associated ocular pathologies--including dacryocystitis, agenesis of the lacrimal punctum and canaliculus, lacrimal tract stenosis, and infections of the lower eyelid--have been reported, as have hypertelorism and strabismus.
Anterior encephalocele are associated with hypertelorism, midline craniofacial dysraphism, agenesis of corpus callosum, lipoma and subependymal heterotopias.
Another reported feature of this syndrome is congenital ptosis that in some cases may be associated with hypertelorism and telecanthus [Bamforth and Kaurah, 1992].