hyperbaric oxygen therapy


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hy·per·bar·ic ox·y·gen ther·a·py

treatment in which oxygen is provided in a sealed chamber at an ambient pressure greater than 1 atmosphere.
See also: hyperbaric oxygenation.
Administration of O2 in a chamber at > sea-level atmospheric pressure, which increases O2 dissolved in the blood from 1.5g/dL to 6.0 g/dL and O2 tension in tissues to nearly 400 mm Hg; this excess of O2 has various biochemical, cellular, physiologic benefits
Complications Barotrauma—air embolism, pneumothorax, tympanic membrane damage, O2 toxicity—CNS, pulmonary, reversible visual changes, fire or explosion and claustrophobia
Emergency medicine HOT is used for decompression sickness, gas embolism, extreme blood loss anemia, and as adjunctive therapy for clostridial myonecrosis and gangrene—associated with acute tissue hypoxia, crush injury, suturing of severed limbs. HOT is also used in smoke inhalation, cyanide intoxication, acute carbon monoxide poisoning, traumatic ischemia—as in compartment syndrome(s)—to enhance healing of recalcitrant or necrotic wounds, compromised skin grafts and flaps, chronic osteomyelitis, actinomycosis, and to prevent osteoradionecrosis
Fringe medicine HOT has been advocated by some alternative health care providers as an ‘oxidative’ therapy for ageing, grey hair, AIDS, alcohol and drug addiction, multiple sclerosis, stroke, vascular problems, and other conditions

hyperbaric oxygen therapy

The administration of O2 in a chamber at > sea-level atmospheric pressure, which ↑ O2 dissolved in the blood from 1.5g/dL to 6.0 g/dL and O2 tension in tissues to nearly 400 mm Hg; this surfeit of O2 has various biochemical, cellular, physiologic benefits Emergency medicine HOT is used in decompression sickness, in gas embolism, extreme blood loss anemia, and as adjunctive therapy for clostridial myonecrosis and gangrene, crush injury and compromised skin grafts and flaps, suturing of severed limbs, and in preventing osteoradionecrosis Mainstream medicine HOT is also used in smoke inhalation, cyanide intoxication, acute carbon monoxide poisoning, extreme blood loss anemia, traumatic ischemia, as in compartment syndrome(s) and crush injury, to enhance healing of recalcitrant or necrotic wounds, as an adjunct therapy for clostridial myonecrosis–associated with acute tissue hypoxia, compromised skin grafts and flaps, chronic osteomyelitis, actinomycosis. and to prevent osteoradionecrosis Complications Barotrauma–air embolism, pneumothorax, tympanic membrane damage, O2 toxicity–CNS, pulmonary, reversible visual changes, fire or explosion and claustrophobia

hy·per·bar·ic ox·y·gen ther·a·py

(hī'pĕr-bar'ik ok'si-jĕn thār'ă-pē)
Treatment in which oxygen is provided in a sealed chamber at an ambient pressure greater than 1 atmosphere.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO)

A treatment in which the patient is placed in a chamber and breathes oxygen at higher-than-atmospheric pressure. This high-pressure oxygen stops bacteria from growing and, at high enough pressure, kills them.

hyperbaric oxygen therapy

enhanced healing of chronic and slow-to-heal wounds under the influence of topical or systemic hyperbaric oxygen
References in periodicals archive ?
Financial margins in wound care clinics can be tight, and the need to remain profitable has at times resulted in patients being treated inappropriately with hyperbaric oxygen therapy (Adv Skin Wound Care.
The efficacy and safety of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in traumatic brain injury.
The late Abdulla Ahmed Nass was also honoured for his contribution to establishing the Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy unit.
The Late dignitary Abudlla Ahmed Nass was also honoured for his contributions to establishing the Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy unit.
Some researchers have studied hyperbaric oxygen therapy as a treatment for cerebral palsy and even autism.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy was first used in the 1930s to treat deep-sea divers suffering from the bends.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is based on having the patient breath 100% oxygen with intervals at 2-3 absolute atmospheric pressure while the patient's whole body is under pressure in a closed pressure chamber.
Venezuelan congress president Diosdado Cabello said Mr Chavez would have hyperbaric oxygen therapy and physiotherapy,
The charity provides therapies for people with multiple sclerosis, those recovering from stroke, children with cerebral palsy and autism via a number of therapies including physiotherapy, counselling, reflexology and hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
They cover all types of wounds (with many color photos illustrating techniques), from ulcers to pressure sores to bite and gunshot wounds, and recent advances and new products, as well as the evolution of wound care, the pathology of healing, scars, infection, classification, debridement, dressings, surgical closure, neonatal wound management, and the roles of regulated negative pressure therapy, nutrition, physiotherapy, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
Lamkin, a graduate of Lyon College in Batesville and UAMS, is also board-certified in hyperbaric oxygen therapy.