hyperbaric oxygen therapy


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hy·per·bar·ic ox·y·gen ther·a·py

treatment in which oxygen is provided in a sealed chamber at an ambient pressure greater than 1 atmosphere.
See also: hyperbaric oxygenation.
Administration of O2 in a chamber at > sea-level atmospheric pressure, which increases O2 dissolved in the blood from 1.5g/dL to 6.0 g/dL and O2 tension in tissues to nearly 400 mm Hg; this excess of O2 has various biochemical, cellular, physiologic benefits
Complications Barotrauma—air embolism, pneumothorax, tympanic membrane damage, O2 toxicity—CNS, pulmonary, reversible visual changes, fire or explosion and claustrophobia
Emergency medicine HOT is used for decompression sickness, gas embolism, extreme blood loss anemia, and as adjunctive therapy for clostridial myonecrosis and gangrene—associated with acute tissue hypoxia, crush injury, suturing of severed limbs. HOT is also used in smoke inhalation, cyanide intoxication, acute carbon monoxide poisoning, traumatic ischemia—as in compartment syndrome(s)—to enhance healing of recalcitrant or necrotic wounds, compromised skin grafts and flaps, chronic osteomyelitis, actinomycosis, and to prevent osteoradionecrosis
Fringe medicine HOT has been advocated by some alternative health care providers as an ‘oxidative’ therapy for ageing, grey hair, AIDS, alcohol and drug addiction, multiple sclerosis, stroke, vascular problems, and other conditions

hyperbaric oxygen therapy

The administration of O2 in a chamber at > sea-level atmospheric pressure, which ↑ O2 dissolved in the blood from 1.5g/dL to 6.0 g/dL and O2 tension in tissues to nearly 400 mm Hg; this surfeit of O2 has various biochemical, cellular, physiologic benefits Emergency medicine HOT is used in decompression sickness, in gas embolism, extreme blood loss anemia, and as adjunctive therapy for clostridial myonecrosis and gangrene, crush injury and compromised skin grafts and flaps, suturing of severed limbs, and in preventing osteoradionecrosis Mainstream medicine HOT is also used in smoke inhalation, cyanide intoxication, acute carbon monoxide poisoning, extreme blood loss anemia, traumatic ischemia, as in compartment syndrome(s) and crush injury, to enhance healing of recalcitrant or necrotic wounds, as an adjunct therapy for clostridial myonecrosis–associated with acute tissue hypoxia, compromised skin grafts and flaps, chronic osteomyelitis, actinomycosis. and to prevent osteoradionecrosis Complications Barotrauma–air embolism, pneumothorax, tympanic membrane damage, O2 toxicity–CNS, pulmonary, reversible visual changes, fire or explosion and claustrophobia

hy·per·bar·ic ox·y·gen ther·a·py

(hī'pĕr-bar'ik ok'si-jĕn thār'ă-pē)
Treatment in which oxygen is provided in a sealed chamber at an ambient pressure greater than 1 atmosphere.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO)

A treatment in which the patient is placed in a chamber and breathes oxygen at higher-than-atmospheric pressure. This high-pressure oxygen stops bacteria from growing and, at high enough pressure, kills them.

hyperbaric oxygen therapy

enhanced healing of chronic and slow-to-heal wounds under the influence of topical or systemic hyperbaric oxygen
References in periodicals archive ?
Ken Capek, RRT, CHT, MPA is Director of Respiratory Care and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy at Englewood Medical Center in Englewood, NJ.
Effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy: a pilot project.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can return function to the ischemic penumbra, a region of idle neurons surrounding damaged tissues, Dr.
But Dr Speight said this time could be cut by a third with hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
Other general topics include diagnostic techniques including radiology and function testing, special problems such as pleural infusion, pneumothorax, hemoptysis, aspiration pneumonia, and the lung in pregnancy, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, a range of pulmonary infections including tuberculosis, emphysema, viral pneumonia, infections complicated by HIV and hospital-acquired pneumonia, airways diseases, acute respiratory failure, cardiovascular and thromboembolic disease, congenital and pediatric lung diseases including cystic fibrosis, chest wall and neuromuscular disorders, environmental and occupational diseases, idiopathic, immunologic and granulomatous disease, and neoplastic diseases.
One treatment to consider is the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), which is indicated in osteoradionecrosis of the jaw, a condition that occurs following a tooth extraction after the area has been radiated.
In Alaska, AMC and PENCO specialize in commercial diving, marine construction and repair, salvage operations, vessel support, crew boat services, vessel inspection and repair, environmental remediation, emergency spill response and hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
Funds raised through sponsorship will go to the therapy centre, which offers physiotherapy, hyperbaric oxygen therapy and support for people with multiple sclerosis.
Harrison Lee, a doctor specializing in facial plastics and reconstructive surgery in Beverly Hills, has used hyperbaric oxygen therapy with some of his patients.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, during which oxygen was delivered to subjects at twice than normal atmospheric pressure, and bromelain, a substance found in abundance in pineapple and long-implicated as a treatment for certain inflammatory conditions, were both ineffective in relieving DOMS.