hydroxylamine


Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to hydroxylamine: Semicarbazide

hy·drox·yl·a·mine

(hī-drok'sil-ă-mēn),
1. a partially oxidized derivative of ammonia; reacts with carbonyl groups to produce oximes; forms acid salts, for example, hydroxylamine hydrochloride. It is a chemical mutagen that causes deamination of cytosine residues in DNA.
2. Any compound containing RNH-OH.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hydroxylamine oxidation in heterotrophic nitrate-reducing soil bacteria and purification of a hydroxylamine-cytochrome c oxidoreductase from a Pseudomonas species.
The possibility of thermal decomposition of hydroxylamine to [N.
Chemicals: Xanthine oxidase, allopurinol, xanthine, hydroxylamine, N-(1-naphthyl)-ethylenediamine dihydrochloride, sulfanilic acid, ethylenediamine tetra acetate (EDTA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), gallic acid, 2, 4, 6-tripyridyl-s-triazine (TPTZ), 1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), acetylthiocholine iodide, 5,5- dithiobis [2-nitro benzoic acid (DTNB) were purchased from Merck (Germany) and sigma aldrich.
The asymmetrical N-alkyl-N-aryl-group reacts exclusively with ozone with the formation of hydroxylamine.
The leaf discs were incubated in the dark for 2 hours in 150 mL of the solution: a) water--control; b) DCMU at 500 [micro]M; c) phenanthroline at 10 mM; and d) hydroxylamine (10, 50, 100 and 200 mM).
Allergic contact dermatitis and onycholysis from hydroxylamine sulphate in colour developer.
A cyclic diterpene (brachialactone) two unsaturated free fatty acids (linoleic acid and a-linolenic acid) and two phenyl propanoids (Methyl p-coumarate and Methyl ferulate) from Brachiaria humidicola a phenyl-propanoid (Methyl 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) propionate) from sorghum Karanjin (3-methoxy-2-phenylfuro-[2 3-h] chromen-4-one) from Pongamia glabra have been isolated and identified as BNIs because they block ammonium mono-oxygenase (amo) and hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (hao) enzymes responsible for nitrification reaction.
Ammonia, a non-ionic surfactant, a proteinase and hydroxylamine neutral sulphate (HNS) are added into the field latex and allowed to react for 72 hours in a reaction tank.
This work focuses on the formation of tertiary carbinamine centers via a 2,3-rearrangement of hydroxylamine allyl ethers.
After reaction with the carbonyl compounds, hydrazine and hydrazide form a hydrazone linkage while hydroxylamine forms an oxime linkage (Figure 21).