hydrophobia


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hydrophobia

 [hi″dro-fo´be-ah]
1. irrational fear of water.
2. choking, gagging, and fear on attempts to drink in the acute neurologic phase of rabies, caused by pain from spasms of the pharynx or larynx.
3. former term for rabies.

ra·bies

(rā'bēz), Although the Latin word is correctly pronounced in three syllables, speakers of English virtually always reduce these to two.
Highly fatal infectious disease that may affect all species of warm-blooded animals, including humans; transmitted by the bite of infected animals including dogs, cats, skunks, wolves, foxes, raccoons, and bats, and caused by a neurotropic species of Lyssavirus, a member of the family Rhabdoviridae, that has tropism for the central nervous system and the salivary glands; inhalation infection possbile (aerosolized virus in bat caves, attics). The symptoms are characteristic of a profound disturbance of the nervous system, for example, excitement, aggressiveness, and madness, followed by paralysis and death. In animals, clinical signs are variable, and sometimes drooling and tongue paralysis are the only signs. Transmission of the virus can occur before clinical signs are expressed. Characteristic cytoplasmic inclusion bodies (Negri bodies) found in many neurons aid rapid laboratory diagnosis.
Synonym(s): hydrophobia
[L. rage, fury, fr. rabio, to rave, to be mad]

hydrophobia

/hy·dro·pho·bia/ (-fo´be-ah)
1. irrational fear of water.
2. choking, gagging, and fear on attempts to drink in the acute neurologic phase of rabies.
3. former term for rabies.

hydrophobia

(hī′drə-fō′bē-ə)
n.
1. An abnormal fear of water.
2. Rabies.

hydrophobia

[-fō′bē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, hydor + phobos, fear
1 one of the later symptoms of a rabies infection.
2 a morbid, extreme fear of water.

ra·bies

(rā'bēz)
Highly fatal infectious disease transmitted by the bite of infected animals, including dogs, cats, skunks, wolves, foxes, raccoons, and bats, and caused by a neurotropic lyssavirus that replicates in the central nervous system and the salivary glands. The symptoms are excitement, aggressiveness, and madness, followed by paralysis and death. Characteristic cytoplasmic inclusion bodies (Negri bodies) found in many of the neurons are an aid to rapid laboratory diagnosis.
Synonym(s): hydrophobia.

hydrophobia

Violent and painful spasms of the throat muscles occurring as one of the principal symptoms of RABIES. Literally, fear of water.

hydrophobia

1. fear of water.
2. rabies.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his introduction to Rabies and Hydrophobia (1872), for example, George Fleming asserted:
The press reported and Home Secretary Robert Peel acknowledged that growing terror among the public that thousands of stray dogs, abandoned by the poor on the streets of London, were randomly attacking and biting individuals throughout the city, spreading the madness of hydrophobia through their saliva.
Common types of phobias include Anthrophobia (fear of people or being in a company), Ergophobia (fear of work or functioning), and Hydrophobia (fear of water), Decidophobia is the fear of making decisions.
Louis Pasteur on "the attenuation of the virus," including the "microbe of the saliva in hydrophobia [rabies]" that he "described for the first time before the Geneva Congress," thereby sharing the findings that would soon allow him to produce a vaccine for rabies.
The researchers have revealed that their work is based on a study of a property called super hydrophobia, which is behind how water beads up and rolls off flowers, caterpillars and some insects, and how insects like water striders are able to walk effortlessly on water.
On February 8, he was admitted to Al Baraha Hospital after developing symptoms of rabies, including hydrophobia.
Hydrophobia (rabies), first described in Hellenistic times, was clearly defined by Caelius Aurelianus.
Rabies or hydrophobia is one of the dangerous infectious diseases which may result in death if no timely treatment is provided.
I've had several unhappy experiences that have reinforced my innate hydrophobia.
During the Mad Dog panic of the summer of 1830 it was reported that a 'grim monster' had the country 'in its horrific sway' and that hydrophobia was 'inflicting the horrors and tortures of the damned on the people'.
hydroplane hydroelectricity hydrophobia hydroscope hydrophone
By portraying themselves as improbable heroes--sailors afflicted with hydrophobia, at least as likely to fail as to succeed--they poignantly bring to our attention the difficulties and risks of such an undertaking.